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January 01, 1975


Five of the six genera described in the systematics have biostratigraphic usefulness, only Cavusgnathus has shown no potential for zonation, of rocks of this age. For the remaining five, the precision, utility, and reliability vary considerably. Neognathodus has piroved to be the choice for zonation in all particulars. It occurs in nearly all units (all units within its range), it shows a constant distribution of kinds between samples of the same age (no local environmental controls manifest wiitftln the genus), it is common enough to usually provide adequate material from samples jof normal size, and most importantly, it underwent rapid evolution. Work with this enus reinforces the earlier idea (Merrill, 1972b) that its potential is still much greater than its present applications. For example, there is little difficulty in distinguishing neognathodids from Brereton and Oak Gtove localities (provided sufficiently large samples), although these units are presently placed in a single zone/subzone (Table 3).

Taken collectively, the Idiognathodus-Streptognathodus plexus provides Some useful biostratigraphic tools. Ultimately it shoudd provide the very best tools for Pennsylvanian biostratigraphy, nevertheless, the overwhelming abundance of idiognathodids that are presently taxondmically indistinguishable reduces their usefulness in most units (Merrill, 1974, p. 21-22). The influx of streptognathodids (S. excelsus in form-taxonomy) in the Spar land and Lonsdale tends to set these units apart. Different streptognathodids (S. oanoellosus) intlte Cramer make that unit readily distinguishable from all others in the study area,. In spite of thkese capabilities, this generic plexus is in a nearly hopeless taxonomic/nomenclatorial muddle. Wors,e

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GSA Microform Publications

Pennsylvanian Conodont Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Northwestern Illinois

Glen K. Merrill
Glen K. Merrill
Department of Geology College of Charleston Charleston, South Carlina
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Geological Society of America
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January 01, 1975




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