Descriptions of Individual Stratigraphic Units
The youngest unit studied in this area is he Cramer (fomerly Trivoli) Member. Its high stratigraphic position dictates that it will be preserved only on the geographically restricted, topographically high rldgeline running froa Faralngton eastward toward Peoria (Fig. 1 ). Only two Cramer localities within the study area were saapled for conodonts. The two are HLithically dissimilar and not faunally hoaogeneous. The type locality (Wanless, 1957, p. 193) has a aasslve fairly pure limestone and an overlying nodular, argillaceous, packed mixed biomicrite, obviously weathering out of a shale. At locality 3 (Wanless, 1958, locality 169) nodular, pagked Derbya biomicrites alterna te, with shale Interbeds below the aaln limestone member (member 152). The high degrees of lithologic and faunal difference between the two successions may represent distinct stratigraphic units.
Faunally, locality 1 is an offshore Aethotaxis-blofacies (1A) to Idioprioniodus-biofacies (IB) unit dominated by platform elements transitional between Idiognathodus and Streptognathodus. Locality 3 is so heavily dominated by elements of the Carusgnathus-biofacies that little else of a diagnostic nature is present. Neither locality has produced unquestioned specimens of Neognathodus or Gondotella. Absence of Neognathodus and domination by Streptognathodus canoellosus are compatible with an early Missourian assignment and suggest its (nearest correlatives to be the Lower Brush Creek .In Ohio and the Bertha in Kansas-Missouri, although aore data are needed for substantiation.. Absences are unsafe criteria for age determinations, and Wanless (1956, p. 50-51) has reported “Metalonchodina”, an element that is a component of Idioprioniodus and supposedly restricted to pre-Missourian nocks, to
Figures & Tables
“Pennsylvanian rocks exposed in Knox, Peoria, Fulton, and Schuyler Counties in northwestern Illinois include 11 major marine units. The oldest marine unit is late Atokan and the youngest is early Missourian; the remainders are Desmoinesian in age. Each unit has produced at least some conodonts, and the more than 200 samples produced an aggregate total in excess of 160,000 conodont specimens. These can be grouped into not fewer than 78 kinds, considered species in disjunct element taxonomy. At least 10 multielement genera and 40 multielement species are represented. Six new species: Diplognathodus illinoisensis, Neognathodus metanodosus, N. polynodosus, N. oligonodsus, N. anodus, and Gondolella pulchra are described. Although all marine beds were formed in shallow water, generally near shore, they represent the products of highly diverse environments. Conodont biofacies are sharply differentiated and mirror this diversity. Ecologic controls that effected conodont distribution are believed to have been salinity, energy, pH, and possibly biologic antagonism. Neognathodus is the most useful conodont genus for biostratigraphy in these rocks. Four zones and subzones are based on species of this genus and it has permitted relatively precise interregional correlations. Secondary zonations can be based on other genera that supplement the Neognathodus zonation and assist in identifying units. In decreasing importance these are Gondolella, the Idiognathodus-Streptognathodus plexus, and Diplognathodus.”