Published:January 01, 1991
G.J. Woodsworth, R.G. Anderson, R.L. Armstrong, L.C. Struik, Proterozoic and Paleozoic, P. van der Heyden, Coast Plutonic Complex, 1991. "Plutonic Regimes", Geology of the Cordilleran Orogen in Canada, H. Gabrielse, C.J. Yorath
Download citation file:
The greatest concentrations of plutonic rocks in the Canadian Cordillera are in the Coast and Omineca belts but significant amounts also occur in adjacent belts. Most Cordilleran plutons are Late Triassic to Paleogene in age, and are coeval and comagmatic with volcanic rock suites.
Proterozoic and Paleozoic plutons of ancestral North America consist of Early and Middle Proterozoic granodiorite, Late Proterozoic alkalic plutons, early Paleozoic alkalic to carbonatitic suites, and Proterozoic and Paleozoic mafic sills and diatremes. The pericratonic Kootenay Terrane contains granite to quartz diorite intrusions of mainly Ordovician to Mississippian age. The Monashee Terrane has Proterozoic and Paleozoic(?) alkaline intrusions. The Slide Mountain Terrane contains a variety of Paleozoic plutons, mostly diorite, quartz porphyry, and tonalite. The Alexander Terrane includes Ordovician to Early Silurian calc-alkaline plutons; mid- to Late Silurian sodic plutons emplaced during the Klakas orogeny; and, in the Saint Elias Mountains, late Paleozoic calc-alkaline stocks and batholiths. Wrangellia has small mafic to ultramafic plutons in the Saint Elias Mountains and Devonian quartz-feldspar porphyry in southwestern British Columbia.
Late Triassic plutons are largely restricted to small, Alaskan-type ultramafic bodies in Quesnellia and Stikinia, and to a belt of tholeiitic to calc-alkaline granitoid rocks that intrude Stikinia along the Stikine Arch. Both suites are spatially and probably genetically related and are associated with Middle to Upper Triassic volcanic rocks.
In the Early Jurassic, plutonic activity occurred in Quesnellia, Stikinia, and Wrangellia. Calc-alkaline batholiths in Quesnellia and alkaline bodies there and in Stikinia show close spatial and temporal
Figures & Tables
Geology of the Cordilleran Orogen in Canada
Seven stratigraphic chapters cover time slices from Precambrian to Neogene; also included are chapters covering tectonic framework, paleomagnetism, physiographic evolution, Quaternary glaciation, volcanic and plutonic regimes, metamorphism, structural styles, metallogeny, energy and ground resources, and natural hazards. A tectonic synthesis chapter and a summary of outstanding problems round out the volume. Accompanying plates include physiographic, tectonic assemblage, terrane and metamorphic maps, correlation charts, structural cross sections, and special maps showing distribution of Proterozoic and Miocene plutonic suites and the metallogeny of terranes.