The Copper Age in China seemF to coincide with the half-legendary Hsia Dynasty (2033–1562 B.C.?), though no material evidence for this has yet been found. Some Chinese historians of later time say that copper implements and weapons were in use in the reign of Emperor Yu (2140–2130 B.C.?). In Shu Ching, for instance, it is stated that Yu received “three metals” (gold, silver, and copper) as a tribute [28, ch.2, p.22a]. In Tso Chuan the author says that Yu had nine cauldrons cast [29, Hsuan, 3rd year], whereas the author of Yueh Chueh Shu writes that in Emperor Huang’s time weapons were made of jade, but in Emperor Yu’s time they were made of copper [30, ch.ll, p.24a]. As regards the Bronze Age there is some archaeological evidence that even in the early period of the Shang Dynasty (1562–1066 B.C.?) the technique of bronze casting was on a rather high level. A ceremonial four-legged bronze vessel unearthed near Anyang, Honan, and identified as belonging to the Shang Dynasty, weighs about 700 kg and is rich in ornament [21, P.120]. The excavations near Chengchou, Honan, on the probable site of one of the capitals of Shang, revealed numerous bronze vessels and tools and the remains of a bronzesmith’s workshop [21, p.113]. It is interesting to note that on the information available, the Copper Age and the Bronze Age began in China about ten centuries later than in more advanced counties of the Ancient World, where these ages seemingly began in the
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Published in 1975 on microform, this 555-page volume provides an overview of the mineral resources of China. It contains chapters devoted to the structural geology of China; coal; oil and gas; iron ore; heavy metals; light, noble, and rare metals; and numerous maps. An introductory chapter provides a brief history of the geological exploration of China, beginning with von Richtofen’s 1870 survey.