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Differentiation between normal residence performance and landslide-related distress in the evaluation and treatment of slope instability in southern California

By
Hugh S. Robertson
Hugh S. Robertson
Robertson Geotechnical, Inc., 2500 Townsgate Road, Suite E, Westlake Village, California 91361
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Robert A. Hollingsworth
Robert A. Hollingsworth
Grover-Hollingsworth and Associates, 31129 Via Colinas, Suite 707, Westlake Village, California 91362
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Published:
January 01, 1992

Abstract

The evaluation and repair of hillside properties damaged by slope instability presents a challenging problem for the geotechnical professional. An increasing number of residential distress evaluations are being requested by homeowner insurance companies to resolve earth-movement claims. Early recognition of instability is essential to the successful mitigation of the hazard. Thorough observation of structural distress, experience, and an understanding of construction are needed to differentiate typical distress from subtle distress associated with the initiation of slope instability. Other soil-related processes cause distress similar in appearance to major slope movement, and complicate recognition of an impending hazard.

Property-line limitations and reluctant neighbors hamper site and neighborhood reconnaissance. High costs and physical constraints limit the subsurface exploration, which is critical to determining the mechanics of movement. Conventional exploration techniques are aided by modern instrumentation and detailed site monitoring to define probable causes. Selection of reasonable repair methods and stabilization devices de-pends on the limits of the failing mass and whether instability is associated with failure along a predetermined defect or through an inherently weak mass. Continued monitor-ing from recognition through stabilization helps verify the causes of instability, the design scheme, and the success of the treatment. Repairs are effective if the factor of safety is sufficiently increased by common and economical construction techniques in a timely manner.

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Contents

GSA Reviews in Engineering Geology

Landslides/Landslide Mitigation

James E. Slosson
James E. Slosson
Slosson and Associates, 15500 Erwin Street, Suite 1123, Van Nuys, California 91411
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Arthur G. Keene
Arthur G. Keene
2601 E. Victoria Street, #308, Rancho Dominguez, California 90220
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Jeffrey A. Johnson
Jeffrey A. Johnson
Jeffrey A. Johnson, Inc., 12818 Stebick Court, San Diego, California 92130
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Geological Society of America
Volume
9
ISBN electronic:
9780813758091
Publication date:
January 01, 1992

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