KATHERINE VAN WINKLE PALMER, 1958. "TYPE SPECIMENS OF MARINE MOLLUSCA DESCRIBED BY P. P. CARPENTER FROM THE WEST COAST (San Diego to British Columbia)", Type Specimens of Marine Mollusca Described By P. P. Carpenter From the West Coast (San Diego to British Columbia), Katherine van Winkle Palmer
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Philip P. Carpenter ranks next to W. H. Dall and Paul Bartsch in the number of marine molluscan species described from the West Coast, San Diego to British Columbia. More than 270 Carpenter species, fossil and Recent, and many more names are involved in the present study. Illustrations of more than 190 types and of many original specimens with pertinent data are included. Only 4 of about 50 pelecypod species and only about one-fifth of the types of the gastropods have had the types figured previously. Authentic whereabouts of the types have been determined, lists regarding depositories of types, type localities, evaluation of names, analysis of available Carpenter material, and historical background have been included. Because Carpenter was one of the important figures in early American conchology, the historical background presents a partial picture of that time (ca. 1841–1870). The fossil distribution of each Recent species where known is included. A stratigraphic distributional chart is inserted. This reveals the relationship between the fauna of the Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Recent species of the area studied. The importance of the illustration of the large number of heretofore unfigured types of common species, fossil and Recent, may be reflected in more refined taxonomic, ecological and paleoecological, statistical, and distributional studies of the late Cenozoic mollusks.