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As in the case of the first edition of the International Stratigraphic Guide, a comprehensive Bibliography of publications on stratigraphic classification, terminology, and procedure is considered an essential part of this second edition of the Guide. It serves to show the background of ideas from which the Guide has grown, the evolution of thinking on stratigraphic classification and terminology, and the current status of views on these subjects in various parts of the world.

The revision and updating of the Bibliography for this second edition of the International Stratigraphic Guide was a difficult task. Early in the process, it became evident that the addition of publications on stratigraphic classification, terminology, and procedure issued since the appearance of the Guide in 1976 would make the bibliography much too long. To keep it to a reasonable length and to a reasonably sharp focus, it was necessary to shorten it considerably. For this reason, the following Bibliography includes only those publications primarily devoted to principles, concepts, and procedures of stratigraphic classification and nomenclature, but not those discussing the application of these principles, concepts, and procedures to specific areas, specific stratigraphic intervals, or particular local problems of stratigraphic classification or nomenclature, unless judged to be particularly instructive.

While it would be ostensibly impossible, and unrealistic, to include in the Bibliography all publications dealing with the selection and establishment of stratigraphic boundaries and subdivisions of even just the principal units of the Standard Global Chronostratigraphic (Geochronologic) Scale, an exception was made with the publications dealing with the Silurian-Devonian boundary. The selection of the stratotype for this boundary was the first actual application in a specific case of the principles developed for the selection of boundary-strato-types of internationally recognized chronostratigraphic units. The standards of procedure followed since then in the program of the International Commission on Stratigraphy to select stratotypes (GSSPs) for the boundaries of the major units of the Standard Scale were developed and refined during the selection of the stratotype of the Silurian-Devonian boundary

Also included in the Bibliography are a number of publications dealing with the subdivision of the Precambrian, still a difficult and controversial subject, and publications that contain the original definition of terms listed in the Glossary of Stratigraphic Terms or to which reference is made in the Glossary.

Finally, a few outstanding and classic historical contributions to the development of concepts of stratigraphic classification, terminology, and procedure have been included in the Bibliography.

Not included are publications dealing with organizational matters; records or minutes of meetings of stratigraphic committees or groups that do not contain information on stratigraphic principles, concepts, or procedures; uninformative short notes and abstracts; and publications not readily available to the general public, such as university theses and locally reproduced papers distributed at meetings or mailed to a limited number of people.

National or multinational codes and guides have been listed separately in the chronologic order of their publication.

The editor wishes to express his indebtedness to all ISSC members and others who assisted in the revision and updating of the Bibliography, particularly to Alexander Zhamoida and Zhang Shou-xin, who provided invaluable help in the selection and the proper referencing, and transliterating of publications in Russian and Chinese, respectively.

Adams
,
J. A. S.
Rogers
,
J.J. W.
1961
,
Bentonites as absolute time-stratigraphic calibration points
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 , v.
91
, Art.
2
, p.
390
396
.
Ager
,
D. V.
,
1970
,
The Triassic system in Britain and its stratigraphical nomenclature
:
Geol. Soc. London Quart. Jour.
 , v.
126
, nos.
501/2, parts 1 and 2
, p.
3
17
.
Ager
,
D. V.
,
1973
,
The nature of the stratigraphical record
:
Wiley
,
New York
,
114
p.
Ager
,
D. V.
,
1981
,
The nature of the stratigraphical record, 2nd ed.
,
MacMillan
,
London
,
122
p.
Ager
,
D. V.
,
1984
,
The stratigraphic code and what it implies
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  (
Berggren
,
W. A.
Couvering
,
J.A. Van
eds.):
Princeton University Press
p.
91
100
.
Alberti
,
F.von
,
1834
,
Beitrag zu einer Monographie des Bunter Sandsteins
,
Muschelkalks und Keupers und die Verbindung dieser Gebilde zu einer Formation: Stuttgart und Tubingen
 ,
366
p. (see p.
1–16 and 300–343.
)
Albritton
,
C.C.
Jr.
1984
,
Geologic time
:
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32
, no.
1
, p.
29
37
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Alcock
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F. J.
,
1934
,
Report of the National Committee on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
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Royal Soc. Canada, Trans., ser.
 
3
, v.
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, sec.
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, p.
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121
.
Alimov
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A.I.
,
1970
,
Definition of the concept “regional stratigraphic subdivision” (in Russian)
:
Sov. Geol.
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, p.
108
113
.
Alimov
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A. I.
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1973
,
Objectives of stratigraphy (in Russian)
:
Geol. i Geof.
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1
, p.
74
79
.
Allan
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R. S.
,
1934
,
On the system and stage names applied to subdivisions of the Tertiary strata in New Zealand
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108
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Allan
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Allan
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1956
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8th Pacific Sci. Cong.
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1953
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Proa
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, p.
325
123
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Allan
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R. S.
,
1966
,
The unity of stratigraphy
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194
.
Allen
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P. M.
Reedman
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A. J.
1968
,
Stratigraphic classification in Pre-Cambrian rocks
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297
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Alpern
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B.
,
1970a
,
Le concept de biozone en palynologie houilliere
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Palaont. Abh., Abt. B, Bd. 3, H. 3/4
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277
278
.
Alpern
,
B.
,
1970b
,
Notes sur les concepts d'espece et de biozone
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, p.
81
89
.
Alpern
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B.
Durand
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S.
1972
,
Les méthodes de la palynologie stratigraphique
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Orsay
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216
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Alvarez
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M.
Jr.
,
1957
,
Comments on Report 5 (of Am. Comm. Strat. Nomen.)—Nature, usage and nomenclature of biostratigraphic units
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
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, no.
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, p.
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1889
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American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1947
,
Note 2—Nature and classes of stratigraphic units
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
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, no.
3
, p.
519
528
. (Discussion in
Note 6: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
 , v.
32
, no.
3
, p.
376
381
.)
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1948
,
Note 3—Rules of geological nomenclature of the Geological Survey of Canada
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
 , v.
32
, no.
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, p.
366
367
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(
prepared by
Jones
,
W. V.
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1948
,
Note 4—Naming of subsurface stratigraphic units
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull
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, no.
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367
371
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Flint
,
R. F.
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1948
,
Note 5—Definition and adoption of the terms stage and age
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
 , v.
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, no.
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, p.
372
376
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1948
, Note 6—Discussion by
Rodgers
,
J.
Rubey
,
W. W.
Bramlette
,
M. N.
of Note 2—
Nature and classes of stratigraphic units
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
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32
, no.
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, p.
376
381
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(
prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1949
,
Note 8—Australian code of stratigraphic nomenclature
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
33
, no.
7
, p.
1273
1276
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1949
,
Note 9—The Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
33
, no.
7
, p.
1276
1280
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
,
1949
,
Report 1—Declaration on naming of subsurface stratigraphic units
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
33
, no.
7
, p.
1280
1282
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
),
1950
,
Note 10—Should additional categories of stratigraphic units be recognized?
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
34
, no.
12
, p.
2360
2361
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(
prepared by
Hedberg
,
H. D.
),
1952
,
Report 2—Nature, usage and nomenclature of time-stratigraphic and geologic-time units
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull
v.
36
, no.
8
, p.
1627
1638
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
,
1952
,
Note 14—Official report of round table conference on stratigraphic nomenclature at Third Congress of Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology
 ,
Heerlen, Netherlands
,
June 26–28, 1951
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull
v.
36
, no.
10
, p.
2044
2048
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Harrison
,
J. M.
),
1955
,
Report 3—Nature, usage, and nomenclature of time-stratigraphic and geologic-time units as applied to the Precambrian
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
39
, no.
9
, p.
1859
1861
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(
prepared by
Cohee
,
G. V.
DeFord
,
R. K.
Harrison
,
J. M.
Murray
,
G. E.
Stockwell
,
C. H.
),
1956
,
Report 4— Nature, usage, and nomenclature of rock-stratigraphic units
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
40
, no.
8
, p.
2003
2014
. (Discussion by
Kottlowski
,
F. A.
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
42
, no.
4
, p.
893
894
,
1958
.)
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(
prepared by
Moore
,
R. C.
Cohee
,
G. V.
),
1956
,
Note 17—Suppression of homonymous and obsolete strati-graphic names
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
40
, no.
12
, p.
2953
2954
. (Discussion by
Agnew
,
A. F.
Kay
,
M.
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
41
, no.
8
, p.
1889
1891
,
1957
.)
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Richmond
,
G. M.
Frye
,
J. C.
),
1957
,
Note 19—Status of soils in stratigraphic nomenclature
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull.
, v.
41
, no.
4
, p.
758
763
. (Discussion by
Merrill
,
W. M.
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
42
, no.
8
, p.
1978
1979
,
1958
.)
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Hedberg
,
H. D.
Gordon
,
M.
Jr.
Tozer
,
E. T.
Wood
,
H. E.
II
Lohman
,
K.
),
1957
,
Report 5—Nature, usage and nomenclature of biostratigraphic units
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
41
, no.
8
, p.
1877
1889
. (Discussion by
Teichert
,
C.
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
41
, no.
11
, p.
2574
2575
.)
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(prepared by
Richmond
,
G. M.
),
1959
,
Report 6—Application of stratigraphic classification and nomenclature to the Quaternary
 , by Comm. on Pleistocene
Richmond
,
G. R.
Chair.
, Comments by
Bretz
,
J. H.
et al:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
43
, no.
3
, p.
663
673
. (Discussion by
Trowbridge
,
A. C.
et al, p.
674
675
.)
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
(Prepared by
Richmond
,
G. M.
Fyles
,
J. G.
),
1964
,
Note 30—Application to American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature for an amendment of Article 31, remark (b) of the Code of Stratigraphic Nomenclature on misuse of the term “stage”
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
, v.
48
, no.
5
, p.
710
711
.
American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
,
1964
,
Correction to Note 30
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
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, no.
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American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature
,
1965
,
Note 32—“Definition of Geologic Systems” by International Subcommission on Stratigraphic Terminology
 :
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull
v.
49
, no.
10
, p.
1694
1703
. (
Further references to American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature under “North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature”.
)
Andrews
,
J.
Hsu
,
K. J.
,
1970
,
Note 38 (of Am. Comm. Strat. Nomen.)—A recommendation to the American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature concerning nomenclatural problems of submarine formations
:
Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull.
 , v.
54
, no.
9
, p.
1746
1747
.
Anthony
,
J. W.
,
1955
,
Geological stratigraphy
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Geochronology, Arizona Univ. Physical Sci. Bull.
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2
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82
86
.
Arduino
,
G.
,
1759
or
1760
,
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v.
6
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99
180
.
Arkell
,
W. J.
,
1933
,
The Jurassic System in Great Britain
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Clarendon Press
,
Oxford
,
681
p. (see p.
1
37
.)
Arkell
,
W. J.
,
1946
,
Standard of the European Jurassic
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 , v.
57
, p.
1
34
.
Arkell
,
W. J.
,
1951
,
Review of “Grundlagen und Methoden der Palaontologischen Chronologie” (3rd ed.)
by
Schindewolf
,
O. H.
:
Geol. Mag.
 , v.
88
, p.
303
304
.
Arkell
,
W. J.
,
1956a
,
Comments on stratigraphic procedure and terminology
:
Am. Jour. Sci.
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254
, no.
8
, p.
457
167
.
Arkell
,
W. J.
,
1956b
,
Jurassic geology of the world
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Oliver and Boyd, London, 806 p. (see Chapter 1, Classification and correlation
  p.
3
14
.)
Arkell
,
W. J.
,
1958
,
Further comments on stratal terms: Discussion (of O. H. Schindewolf s comments on stratigraphic terms 1957
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Arnold
,
H.
,
1966
,
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47
,
nos. 5–6
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537
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.
Ashley
,
G. H.
,
1932a
,
Stratigraphic nomenclature
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Ashley
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G. H.
,
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,
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86
.
Ashley
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G. H.
,
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Azzaroli
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Cita
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,
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Barrell
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Barthel
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,
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Bell
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,
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Bell
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Bell
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Murray
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Sloss
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Berggren
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Berggren
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,
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The Pliocene time scale: calibration of planktonic foraminiferal and calcareous nannoplankton zones
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Berggren
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W. A.
,
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Biochronology, in Contributions to the geologic time scale
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Berggren
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, et al,
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Haq
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Berkland
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Berry
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