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Early industrial geology of western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio: Early gristmills and iron furnaces west of the Alleghenies and their geologic contexts

By
Joseph T. Hannibal
Joseph T. Hannibal
Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
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Tammie L. Gerke
Tammie L. Gerke
Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University, 423 N. Fess Avenue, Bloomington, Indiana 47408, USA
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Mary K. McGuire
Mary K. McGuire
Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, 4107 O’Hara Street, SRCC, Room 200,Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
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Harry M. Edenborn
Harry M. Edenborn
Geosciences Division, National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy,Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236, USA
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Ann L. Holstein
Ann L. Holstein
Kelvin Smith Library, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
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David Parker
David Parker
Mercyhurst Archaeological Institute, Mercyhurst College, 501 East 38th Street, Erie, Pennsylvania 16546, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Even before 1800, geological resources such as chert, iron, limestone, and coal were being utilized from the Pennsylvanian rocks of eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. These materials were of great interest to the early geologists of the region. This field trip discusses these products in the context of early grain milling, iron furnaces, and allied industries of Ohio and Pennsylvania in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, with a focus on two publicly accessible sites: McConnells Mill Park in western Pennsylvania, and Mill Creek Park in eastern Ohio. These parks contain publicly accessible gristmills and iron furnaces, and outcrops. We also provide new observations on cultural materials related to these industries, especially iron-furnace slag and millstones.

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GSA Field Guide

From the Shield to the Sea

Richard M. Ruffolo
Richard M. Ruffolo
GAI Consultants, Inc. Pittsburgh Office 385 East Waterfront Drive Homestead, Pennsylvania 15120-5005 USA
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Charles N. Ciampaglio
Charles N. Ciampaglio
Wright State Universityâ?"Lake Campus 7600 Lake Campus Drive Celina, Ohio 45822 USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
20
ISBN electronic:
9780813756202
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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