Application as stimulus in geology: Some examples from the early years of the Geological Society of America
Published:January 01, 1985
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William M. Jordan, 1985. "Application as stimulus in geology: Some examples from the early years of the Geological Society of America", Geologists and Ideas, Ellen T. Drake, William M. Jordan
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The Geological Society of America was conceived in 1881 and bom in 1888 as part of an era of unprecedented mineral-based prosperity that has continued, with wartime and business cycle fluctuations, to the present. From its earliest days, geology and its practical applications, particularly industrial, have been intimately connected. This paper examines the mutual relationship of practical need and geology during the first halfcentury of the GSA, focusing particularly on how practical needs stimulated theoretical developments. Three specific examples of this relationship are given: G. K. Gilbert’s studies of hydraulic mining-induced aggradation of streams in California; the influence of iron and other mining in the Lake Superior region on the early development of Precambrian stratigraphy; and geology’s rediscovery of the concept of facies as a consequence of exploration for coal in Utah and the search for petroleum in the Permian of West Texas.
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Geologists and Ideas
An unusually coherent, well-written volume. Prepared for DNAG by the History of Geology Division of GSA. Spotlights events, ideas, and people, and sheds light on the history of North American geology as a whole. With its many intellectual jewels on the evolution of scientific concepts, this book will provide many happy hours of entertainment and instruction for anyone interested in the history of science, especially that of the earth sciences. Thirty-four papers are organized into four categories: (1) The Evolution of Significant Ideas; (2) Contributions of Individuals; (3) Contributions of Organized Groups; and (4) Application of Significant Ideas. Excellent as a course-book or for additional reading for classes related to the history of geology or general science.