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Many of the essential elements required to design safe nuclear excavation projects are geologic. Excavation dimensions depend on such rock properties as compressibility, porosity, water content, and strength. Estimates of ground motion at locations of natural or manmade structures depend on knowing the geology of the explosion site, the transmission path, and the structure site. The hydrologic environment must be understood in order to avoid unwanted effects. Although computational techniques have been developed to design nuclear excavations, the results of such calculations are greatly dependent on how well the geologic data provided represent the actual conditions. Better techniques to determine rock properties are required.

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