Minera Carbonífera Río Escondido, S. A. (MICARE) is a mostly state-owned concern established August 2,1977, with the main objective of coal development for power generation. Present coal reserves assigned to the company are located in the Fuentes-Río Escondido basin in the northeastern part of Coahuila, and the Colombia basin in the northern part of Nuevo León; reserves in the latter, however, have not been completely evaluated. The present chapter refers exclusively to the Carbon I and Carbon II projects in the Fuentes-Río Escondido basin.
The notion of creating MICARE originated after the discovery of coal potential in the vicinity of Nava, Coahuila, during the 1960s. The properties of this coal (sub-bituminous, long-flame) preclude its use as coke for the steel industry; the possibility was then considered of using it as fuel for power generation. The first coal-fueled power plant in Mexico began to operate in 1964 with coal from a small underground mine northwest of the present Mine I facilities (Fig. 1). The venture was successful and inspired exploration over a more extensive area, as well as the conception of a vast project capable of generating approximately 10 percent of the entire power demand in Mexico by the year 2000.
Figures & Tables
This volume was developed, produced, and privately printed in Mexico, in Spanish, by the late Ing. G.P. Salas in 1988, as a Mexican contribution to the Geology of North America, with the understanding that it would be translated into English for inclusion in the set. The translation is by Dr. Cecily Petzall of Caracas, Venezuela, with considerable figure translation and redrafting provided by GSA. Salas worked on the volume until his death, with much valuable help from Ing. Hugo Cortez Guzmán. The result is a valuable English-language synthesis of the information available to Salas in the early to mid-1980s about the geothermal, coal, and metal-mining sectors (and some non-metallic resources) of the economic geology of Mexico.