Economic geology defines the application of geology, with all its specialties, to the discovery of fossil fuels, geothermal and nuclear energy sources, metallic and nonmetallic mineral deposits, water resources, and as the basis for civil works, all of which are of obvious economic and social value.
Disciplines in economic geology range from the exact sciences—advanced mathematics, physics, chemistry, geodetics, etc.—to the natural sciences such as micro- and macropaleontology, crystallography, petrology, mineralogy, volcanology, geochemistry, geochronology, and geohydrology.
The various elements of Mexico’s economic geology are discussed in the chapters of this volume by outstanding Mexican geologists, whose expertise vouches for the high quality of this presentation. Their efforts are a valuable contribution to the knowledge of Mexico’s nonrenewable resources.
The importance of the decision to carry out this project lies in the close interconnection of the earth sciences to the country’s social and economic development. No country can develop without a solid knowledge of the necessary basic conditions—energy, water, and mineral resources—as well as the technical capacity to put them to effective use and the appropriate political stability, financial backing, and adequate educational level and general health of the population. Mexico fulfills these conditions; however, a comprehensive technical-scientific overview of its nonrenewable and water resources had not been attempted until now. The present status of the nonrenewable resources of the country, their interrelations, and the criteria guiding the present (1985) economic and social activity as well as the plans for future development are subjects for future volumes.
Figures & Tables
This volume was developed, produced, and privately printed in Mexico, in Spanish, by the late Ing. G.P. Salas in 1988, as a Mexican contribution to the Geology of North America, with the understanding that it would be translated into English for inclusion in the set. The translation is by Dr. Cecily Petzall of Caracas, Venezuela, with considerable figure translation and redrafting provided by GSA. Salas worked on the volume until his death, with much valuable help from Ing. Hugo Cortez Guzmán. The result is a valuable English-language synthesis of the information available to Salas in the early to mid-1980s about the geothermal, coal, and metal-mining sectors (and some non-metallic resources) of the economic geology of Mexico.