Gerd Lüttig, 1965. "The Bilshausen Type Section, West Germany", International Studies on the Quaternary: Papers Prepared on the Occasion of the VII Congress of the International Association for Quaternary Research Boulder, Colorado, 1965, H. E. Wright, Jr., David G. Frey
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In the pit of Bilshausen, about 20 km northeast of Göttingen, Niedersachsen, West Germany, basin clay of early Pleistocene age, representing a full interglacial period, is being excavated. The evolution of vegetation differs essentially from that of the last (Eemian) and next-to-last (Holsteinian) warm period of northwest Germany. But it has also no resemblance whatsoever with that of the Tegelen or Waal. A correlation of this interglacial period (which is prior to the north German Elster Ice Age and is to be assigned to the Rhume Interglacial period) with the Cromer Forest Bed still seems impossible. There is some similarity to the Westerhoven Clay of The Netherlands. The Bilshausen Clay is overlain by the Red Clay (of a cold period), and this by a gray clay (Gelkenbach Clay), which corresponds to a thermomer1 of small order or to a beginning or end of an interglacial period. Above this follows a stream deposit, which is correlated with the Middle Terrace. The overlying beds are formed by two relatively thick loesses, which are separated from each other by a brown zone of loam, and in which wet soils are intercalated.