Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

CHILE

By
Jorge Muñoz Cristi
Jorge Muñoz Cristi
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
June 01, 1956

INTRODUCTION

This descriptive review of the geology of Chile is written to explain the Chilean portion of the Geological Map of South America and to present briefly our geologic knowledge of the country. This knowledge is the result of the work of numerous geologists since the time of Darwin. Much useful information has been accumulated which will prove valuable in deciphering the geological history of the country. We want to make clear, nevertheless, that the greatest progress in the study of this country’s geology is through the work Grundzüge der Geologie und Lagerstättenkunde Chiles, published in 1934 by Brüggen, to whom we are greatly indebted.

Because of the briefness of this study, we are unable to discuss stratigraphic or lithological details and have limited ourselves to outlining the problems involved.

PHYSIOGRAPHY

The orographic characteristics of Chile vary not only in an east-west direction but also from north to south. Nevertheless there are certain sections in which the general transverse outlines are maintained. These areas coincide with the natural regions of the country.

A brief description of the physiographic characteristics of these areas is as follows:

EL NORTE GRANDE

El Norte Grande lies between the Peruvian border and Lat. 27° S., approximately. Here we find three distinct physiographic units: The Coast Range, the Pampa del Tamarugal, and the Andes. The Coast Range has a mature topography, and its west slope drops abruptly to the ocean from an elevation of 500–1000 m. In only a few places a small terrace is

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

GSA Memoirs

Handbook of South American Geology: An Explanation of the Geologic Map of South America

William F. Jenks
William F. Jenks
Editor
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of America
Volume
65
ISBN print:
9780813710655
Publication date:
June 01, 1956

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal