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Application of the two-dimensional continuous wavelet transforms to imaging of the Shatsky Rise plateau using marine seismic data

By
Au K. Vuong
Au K. Vuong
Department of Geology & Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3115, USA
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Jinchang Zhang
Jinchang Zhang
Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
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Richard L. Gibson, Jr.
Richard L. Gibson, Jr.
Department of Geology & Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3115, USA
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William W. Sager
William W. Sager
Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
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Published:
May 01, 2015

The Shatsky Rise, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, is one of the largest oceanic plateaus. The origin and evolution of the oceanic plateaus are unclear because these features are remote and poorly imaged with geophysical data. Marine multi-channel seismic (MCS) data were collected over the Shatsky Rise to image its upper crustal structure. These data have the potential to improve understanding of the processes of basaltic volcanism and the formation and evolution of oceanic plateaus by providing direct insights into the geometry and distribution of igneous eruptions. In contrast to sedimentary settings, it is often difficult to interpret deeper layers within basaltic crust because of rugged layering and scattering. Reflections in igneous crust are characterized by poor lateral continuity compared with marine sediments and often by weak impedance contrasts, resulting in a lower signal-to-noise ratio and a more challenging interpretation.

In this paper we apply the two-dimensional (2-D) anisotropic continuous wavelet transform (CWT) method to improve interpretations of MCS data from the Shatsky Rise oceanic plateau. Applying the transform to the time domain MCS profiles with appropriate values of wavelength and period produces new images with enhanced continuity of reflectors and reduced amplitudes of incoherent noise at different periods. The analysis of the results obtained by using 2-D CWT on the MCS data over the Tamu massif part of the Shatsky Rise also helps reveal features such as dome-like bulges possibly associated with lava intrusion and faults in the deeper part of the crust associated with volcanic rock. These were not readily seen in the original seismic images, but the suppression of random noise and other signals with low coherence makes their interpretation possible. These and similar results provide new insights into the complexity of the igneous processes forming the Tamu massif.

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GSA Special Papers

The Origin, Evolution, and Environmental Impact of Oceanic Large Igneous Provinces

Clive R. Neal
Clive R. Neal
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences, 156 Fitzpatrick Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
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William W. Sager
William W. Sager
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5007, USA
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Takashi Sano
Takashi Sano
Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba 305-0005, Japan
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Elisabetta Erba
Elisabetta Erba
Department of Earth Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Geological Society of America
Volume
511
ISBN print:
9780813725116
Publication date:
May 01, 2015

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