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40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb geochronology, geochemistry, and tectonic setting of three episodes of Cretaceous-Eocene calc-alkaline magmatism in the Lake Clark Region, southwestern Alaska

By
Jeffrey M. Amato
Jeffrey M. Amato
Department of Geological Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA
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Cheryl Foley
Cheryl Foley
Department of Geological Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA
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Matthew Heizler
Matthew Heizler
New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Socorro, New Mexico 87801, USA
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Richard Esser
Richard Esser
New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Socorro, New Mexico 87801, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2007

Cretaceous through Paleogene dominantly calc-alkaline magmatism in the Lake Clark region, southwestern Alaska, can be divided into three main periods of activity based on previous work and new 40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb geochronology. These episodes follow a protracted history of arc magmatism related to the Talkeetna arc. The first episode is Albian based on new 40Ar/39Ar dates from hornblende in dikes cutting the Tlikakila complex of 101–97 Ma. These rocks have relatively flat REE patterns and Th/Nb values lower than typical arc rocks but higher than average mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB). These data are consistent with rift-related magmatism in a region that had previously experienced arc magmatism. The second episode is represented by a granodiorite with a SHRIMP U-Pb zircon age of 64.5 ± 0.9 Ma and is similar to widespread 70–60 Ma volcanic rocks to the west of the study area. These calc-alkaline rocks are enriched in the light REE and have high Th/Nb values. They were generated during northward subduction of the Kula plate beneath Alaska. The Eocene episode is also calc-alkaline with enriched light rare earth element (REE) and high Th/Nb values. 40Ar/39Ar equilibria in 100 Ma dikes were reset at 44–42 Ma, and biotite from a rhyolite indicates an eruptive age of 43.0 ± 0.2 Ma. These 43 Ma rocks formed during initiation of Aleutian magmatism on the continent in response to north or northwest subduction of the Pacific plate and may be related to a change in the direction or velocity of subduction at this time.

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GSA Special Papers

Tectonic Growth of a Collisional Continental Margin: Crustal Evolution of Southern Alaska

Kenneth D. Ridgway
Kenneth D. Ridgway
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Jeffrey M. Trop
Jeffrey M. Trop
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Jonathan M.G. Glen
Jonathan M.G. Glen
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J. Michael O'Neill
J. Michael O'Neill
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Geological Society of America
Volume
431
ISBN print:
9780813724317
Publication date:
January 01, 2007

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