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An inventory of potentially habitable environments on Mars: Geological and biological perspectives

By
J.M. Dohm
J.M. Dohm
1 Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA2 The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
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H. Miyamoto
H. Miyamoto
2 The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
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G.G. Ori
G.G. Ori
3 International Research School of Planetary Sciences, Università d'Annunzio, Pescara, Italy
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A.G. Fairén
A.G. Fairén
4 Space Sciences and Astrobiology Division, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA5 SETI Institute, Mountain View, California, USA
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A.F. Davila
A.F. Davila
4 Space Sciences and Astrobiology Division, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA5 SETI Institute, Mountain View, California, USA
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G. Komatsu
G. Komatsu
3 International Research School of Planetary Sciences, Università d'Annunzio, Pescara, Italy6 Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba, Japan
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W.C. Mahaney
W.C. Mahaney
7 Quaternary Surveys, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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J.-P. Williams
J.-P. Williams
8 Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA9 Ashima Research, Pasadena, California, USA
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S.B. Joye
S.B. Joye
10 Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
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G. Di Achille
G. Di Achille
11 Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
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D.Z. Oehler
D.Z. Oehler
12 Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science (ARES), NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, USA
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G.A. Marzo
G.A. Marzo
4 Space Sciences and Astrobiology Division, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA13 Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, Sonoma, California, USA
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D. Schulze-Makuch
D. Schulze-Makuch
14 School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA
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V. Acocella
V. Acocella
15 Dipartimento Science Geologiche, Università Roma Tre, Rome, Italy
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M. Glamoclija
M. Glamoclija
16 Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C., USA
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M. Pondrelli
M. Pondrelli
3 International Research School of Planetary Sciences, Università d'Annunzio, Pescara, Italy
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P. Boston
P. Boston
17 Department of Earth and Environmental Science, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
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K.M. Hart
K.M. Hart
18 School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
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R.C. Anderson
R.C. Anderson
19 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
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V.R. Baker
V.R. Baker
1 Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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W. Fink
W. Fink
20 Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA21 Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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B.P. Kelleher
B.P. Kelleher
18 School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
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R. Furfaro
R. Furfaro
22 Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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C. Gross
C. Gross
23 Institute of Geological Sciences–Planetary Sciences and Remote Sensing, Freie Universität Berlin, Malteserstrasse, Berlin, Germany
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T.M. Hare
T.M. Hare
24 U.S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
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A.R. Frazer
A.R. Frazer
25 The School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Belfast, Ireland
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F. Ip
F. Ip
26 Pima County Flood Control District, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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C.C.R. Allen
C.C.R. Allen
25 The School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Belfast, Ireland
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K.J. Kim
K.J. Kim
27 Geological & Environmental Hazards Division, Korea Institute of Geosciences & Mineral Resources, Daejeon, South Korea
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S. Maruyama
S. Maruyama
28 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Japan
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P.C. McGuire
P.C. McGuire
29 Department of the Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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D. Netoff
D. Netoff
30 Department of Geography and Geology, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas, USA
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J. Parnell
J. Parnell
31 Department of Geology and Petroleum Geology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
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L. Wendt
L. Wendt
23 Institute of Geological Sciences–Planetary Sciences and Remote Sensing, Freie Universität Berlin, Malteserstrasse, Berlin, Germany
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S.J. Wheelock
S.J. Wheelock
1 Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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A. Steele
A. Steele
16 Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C., USA
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R.G.V. Hancock
R.G.V. Hancock
32 Department of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, and Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
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R.A. Havics
R.A. Havics
33 pH2 LLC, 5250 E US 36, Suite 830, Avon, Indiana 46123, USA, and McCrone Institute, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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P. Costa
P. Costa
34 Departmento de Geologia, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
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D. Krinsley
D. Krinsley
35 Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
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Published:
December 2011

On Earth, biology, hydrology, and geology are interlinked such that certain types of life are often associated with specific conditions, including rock type, pressure, temperature, and chemistry. Life on Earth has established itself in diverse and extreme niches, presenting the possibility that Mars, too, may hold records of fossilized and/or extant life in diverse environments. Geologic, paleohydrologic, and climatic conditions through the evolution of Mars are similar in many respects to conditions occurring during the evolution of Earth and, as such, may point to environments on Mars with potential to have supported living systems. Here, we discuss examples of those Martian settings. Such extraterrestrial environments should be targeted by international robotic and/or manned missions to explore potential fossilized or extant life on Mars.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

Analogs for Planetary Exploration

Edited by
W. Brent Garry
W. Brent Garry
Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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Jacob E. Bleacher
Jacob E. Bleacher
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Planetary Geodynamics Lab, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
483
ISBN print:
9780813724836
Publication date:
2011

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