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Book Chapter

Training astronauts to observe Earth from the space shuttle and International Space Station

By
Cynthia A. Evans
Cynthia A. Evans
1 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center, Mail Code KT, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
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M. Justin Wilkinson
M. Justin Wilkinson
2 Image Science & Analysis Laboratory/Engineering and Science Contract Group, Jacobs Engineering, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
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William L. Stefanov
William L. Stefanov
2 Image Science & Analysis Laboratory/Engineering and Science Contract Group, Jacobs Engineering, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
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Kim Willis
Kim Willis
2 Image Science & Analysis Laboratory/Engineering and Science Contract Group, Jacobs Engineering, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
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Published:
December 01, 2011

Since the beginning of the U.S. space program, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has trained astronauts in basic earth science topics to support their observations of Earth's surface from low Earth orbit. From its roots in the Apollo geology training campaigns, we describe the evolution of astronaut Earth observation training across human spaceflight programs, with a focus on the training for space shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) missions. Astronauts' Earth observation experiences—both preflight training and interactions with scientists on the ground during spaceflight missions—provide relevant information for defining training requirements for future astronaut exploration missions on other planetary surfaces.

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Figures & Tables

Contents

GSA Special Papers

Analogs for Planetary Exploration

W. Brent Garry
W. Brent Garry
Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, Arizona, USA
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Jacob E. Bleacher
Jacob E. Bleacher
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Planetary Geodynamics Lab, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
483
ISBN print:
9780813724836
Publication date:
December 01, 2011

References

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