Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Fostering knowledge integration in geoscience education

By
Kim A. Kastens
Kim A. Kastens
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Columbia University, 61 Rt 9W, Palisades, New York 10964, USA
Search for other works by this author on:
Cathryn A. Manduca
Cathryn A. Manduca
Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, 1 N College Street, Northfield, Minnesota 55057, USA
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
April 01, 2012

Knowledge integration involves pulling together ideas and information into a coherent framework such that new ideas can be linked into already established ideas, and groups of ideas can be mobilized for solving problems, answering questions, or understanding observations. Geoscientists are called on to integrate information from many different modes of inquiry, across different cultural and scientific traditions, in the face of incomplete evidence and in support of ill-structured problems. This paper explores five strategies to foster knowledge integration through geoscience education: three organizational schemas for content, plus two integrative practices. These are (1) integrate around a locale of significance to students, (2) integrate around a societally important problem, (3) integrate around a suite of “big ideas,” (4) integrate using visual representations, and (5) integrate using physical and computer models. For each strategy, we describe examples of its use in geoscience education, critique advantages and potential disadvantages, and suggest questions for future research. We conclude with a thought experiment envisioning the nodes and linkages in hypothetical mental concept maps of students educated with each of these five strategies, seeking to improve on a fragmented mental map of isolated nodes and weak linkages.

You do not currently have access to this article.
Don't already have an account? Register

Figures & Tables

Contents

GSA Special Papers

Earth and Mind II: A Synthesis of Research on Thinking and Learning in the Geosciences

Kim A. Kastens
Kim A. Kastens
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, USA
Search for other works by this author on:
Cathryn A. Manduca
Cathryn A. Manduca
Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota, USA
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of America
Volume
486
ISBN print:
9780813724867
Publication date:
April 01, 2012

References

Related

A comprehensive resource of eBooks for researchers in the Earth Sciences

This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.

Subscribe Now