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Book Chapter

Archaeoseismological studies at the temple of Amenhotep III, Luxor, Egypt

By
Arkadi Karakhanyan
Arkadi Karakhanyan
Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, 24A Marshal Baghramyan Avenue, 0019, Yerevan, Armenia
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Ara Avagyan
Ara Avagyan
GEORISK Scientific Research Company, 24A Marshal Baghramyan Avenue, 0019, Yerevan, Armenia
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Hourig Sourouzian
Hourig Sourouzian
The Colossi of Memnon and Amenhotep III Temple Conservation Project, German Institute of Archaeology 31, Abu el Feda Street, Cairo-Zamalek 11211, Egypt
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Published:
October 01, 2010

Our studies in the temple of Amenhotep III, conducted under the project on Excavation and Conservation at Kom el-Hettan, provide new information about the seismic history of ancient Thebes. Distinct signs of liquefaction are revealed at the temple site. Trenches exhibit sand dikes and sills that formed extension cracks through the mechanism of lateral spreading. Clear effects of liquefaction by lateral spreading were discovered in other monuments on the west bank of the Nile. Application of historical, archaeological, and geological methods enables us to constrain the time of the earthquake responsible for the damage in the west bank temples to between 1200 and 901 B.C. Furthermore, we find no signs of an earthquake in 27 B.C. The foot of the Thebes Plateau may conceal a basement fault with combined vertical and horizontal slip kinematics. The fault located to the southeast, near an ancient sanctuary, may correspond to either seismogenic fault surface rupture, or a secondary seismic effect manifested as subordinate rupture and ground failure.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

Ancient Earthquakes

Manuel Sintubin
Manuel Sintubin
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan, Leuven, Belgium
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Iain S. Stewart
Iain S. Stewart
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Plymouth, Fitzroy, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, UK
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Tina M. Niemi
Tina M. Niemi
Department of Geosciences, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
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Erhan Altunel
Erhan Altunel
Department of Geological Engineering, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey
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Geological Society of America
Volume
471
ISBN print:
9780813724713
Publication date:
October 01, 2010

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