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Book Chapter

Stratigraphy and volcanological evolution of the southwestern sector of Campi Flegrei and Procida Island, Italy

By
Annamaria Perrotta
Annamaria Perrotta
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Largo San Marcellino, 80134-Napoli, Italy
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Claudio Scarpati
Claudio Scarpati
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Largo San Marcellino, 80134-Napoli, Italy
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Giuseppe Luongo
Giuseppe Luongo
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Largo San Marcellino, 80134-Napoli, Italy
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Vincenzo Morra
Vincenzo Morra
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Largo San Marcellino, 80134-Napoli, Italy
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Published:
April 01, 2010

Campi Flegrei is a densely populated active volcanic field. Two major explosive volcanic events have led to the formation of nested calderas. Detailed stratigraphy of the volcanic rocks outcropping in part of this area contributes toward a better understanding and definition of the volcanic hazard. Our research activity focuses on the southwestern sector of Campi Flegrei including Procida Island. This area is particularly suitable for stratigraphic reconstruction due to the thick pyroclastic sequences exposed on the coastal cliffs. These sequences include several paleosol horizons and substantially represent the products of all the volcanic activity of Campi Flegrei. The onset of volcanic activity in this area is represented by products related to the activity of scattered vents of unconstrained age. From 74 to 55 ka, they were mantled by products erupted in the nearby island of Ischia. Circa 39 ka, the Campanian Ignim-brite eruption occurred in the Campi Flegrei area, producing a large caldera. A thick succession of welded pyroclasts, lithic breccias, and associated ash- and pumice-flow deposits was emplaced in the proximal area. The local activity resumed at 19–17 ka with the formation of monogenetic volcanoes. A phreatoplinian eruption (Neapolitan Yellow Tuff) occurred at 15 ka, which produced a second, nested caldera. Stratified yellow tuff volcanoes, ranging in age between 9 and 5 ka, developed along the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff caldera boundary. Minor tephra layers testify to the final explosive activity vented in this area.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas

Gianluca Groppelli
Gianluca Groppelli
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per la Dinamica dei Processi Ambientali, Sezione di Milano, Milano, Italy
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Lothar Viereck-Goette
Lothar Viereck-Goette
Institut für Geowissenschaften, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Jena, Germany
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Geological Society of America
Volume
464
ISBN print:
9780813724645
Publication date:
April 01, 2010

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