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The stratigraphic signature of volcanism off Campi Flegrei (Bay of Naples, Italy)

By
Alfonsa Milia
Alfonsa Milia
Istituto per l'Ambiente Marino Costiero (IAMC), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Calata Porta di Massa, Porto di Napoli, I-80133 Naples, Italy
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Published:
April 01, 2010

Seismic stratigraphic analysis of a submarine volcanic field allows the recognition of complex stratal architecture due to the interplay between the syneruptive and intereruptive stratigraphic units. This approach was applied to the offshore Campi Flegrei, eastern Tyrrhenian Sea margin. The area features Late Quaternary volcanism, shallow magmatic intrusions, and thick intereruptive volcaniclastic wedges. Seismic stratigraphic analysis is constrained by marker seismic reflectors defining volcanic boundaries and tied to wells drilled in Naples city, cropping out volcanic units, and a chronostratigraphic framework recognized within the Bay of Naples succession. On the basis of seismic configuration, it was possible: (1) to detect various typologies of magmatic features, such as scoria cones, tuff cones, domes, dikes, and pyroclastic flows; (2) to recognize three types of unconformities; and (3) to reconstruct the relation between monogenetic volcanoes and intereruptive sedimentary units.

The eruptions of monogenetic volcanoes deeply modified the paleogeography of the Bay of Naples, transforming an intraslope basin into smaller basins separated by volcanic ridges. The former were successively filled during the intereruptive periods. The sediments eroded in the shoreface and subaerial environment were deposited along the volcano margins. Prograding wedges were deposited during the fall of sea level and filled the seaways between volcanoes, whereas during the rising of the sea level, deposition migrated toward the volcano crater until the latter were drowned below sea level.

This paper defines the stratigraphic evolution of the south margin of the Campi Flegrei volcanic field and provides both an example of seismostratigraphic analysis in a complex volcanic area and additional data for the volcanologic interpretation of the Campi Flegrei.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas

Gianluca Groppelli
Gianluca Groppelli
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per la Dinamica dei Processi Ambientali, Sezione di Milano, Milano, Italy
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Lothar Viereck-Goette
Lothar Viereck-Goette
Institut für Geowissenschaften, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Jena, Germany
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Geological Society of America
Volume
464
ISBN print:
9780813724645
Publication date:
April 01, 2010

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