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The Appalachian-Caledonian orogen records a complex history of the closure of the Cambrian-Ordovician Iapetus Ocean. The Dunnage Zone of Newfoundland preserves evidence of an Ordovician arc-arc collision between the Red Indian Lake Arc, which forms part of the peri-Laurentian Annieopsquotch accretionary tract (ca. 480–460 Ma), and the peri-Gondwanan Victoria Arc (ca. 473–453 Ma). Despite the similarity in age, the coeval arc systems can be differentiated on the basis of the contrasts that are apparent across the suture zone, the Red Indian Line. These contrasts include structural and tectonic history, stratigraphy, basement characteristics, radiogenic lead in mineral deposits, and fauna. The...

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