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A quantitative model is proposed for the long-term evolution of lakes and internally drained basins resulting from tectonic vertical motions, sediment infill, outlet erosion, and climatic regime. The model accounts for the formation of a water body in the topographic basin created by tectonic uplift across a river, where incision capability is calculated using a stream power-law. The model also addresses the notion that, after cessation of tectonic forcing, lakes are transitory phenomena over geological time scales. High uplift rates across an antecedent river, in combination with low upstream precipitation, result in river defeat and lake formation. In addition to...

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