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Quaternary lake levels in the Dead Sea basin: Two centuries of research

By
R. Bookman
R. Bookman
1
Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
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Y. Bartov
Y. Bartov
1
Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
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Y. Enzel
Y. Enzel
2
Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel, and Department of Geography, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
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M. Stein
M. Stein
3
Geological Survey of Israel, 30 Malkhey Israel St., Jerusalem 95501, Israel
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Published:
January 01, 2006

We dedicate this manuscript to Dr. Cipora Klein, who studied the historic levels of the Dead Sea.

This paper reviews the research and lake level reconstruction of the late Pleistocene and Holocene lakes in the Dead Sea basin. Lake Lisan and the Dead Sea occupied the Dead Sea basin during the past 70 k.y., and responded to and amplified regional climatological variations in the Eastern Mediterranean. Overall, the lake level history is correlative with global climate patterns. The Lake Lisan high levels correspond to the last Glacial period (marine isotope stages 2–4); its dramatic level drop to the transition to the Holocene, and the Dead Sea low stands to the current interglacial period. The Lisan level record also appears to show relationships to millennial events in Greenland ice and deep-sea cores. The paper describes the methodologies applied to identify indicators of lake level elevations and the determination of their ages. It is divided to (1) the early research history (mainly commencing at the nineteenth century) in the Dead Sea basin; (2) the early efforts of lake level curve reconstructions; and (3) the most recent studies that yield well-dated, high resolution lake level chronologies.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

New Frontiers in Dead Sea Paleoenvironmental Research

Yehouda Enzel
Yehouda Enzel
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Amotz Agnon
Amotz Agnon
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Mordechai Stein
Mordechai Stein
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Geological Society of America
Volume
401
ISBN print:
9780813724010
Publication date:
January 01, 2006

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