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Book Chapter

Representing geoscientific knowledge in cyberinfrastructure: Some challenges, approaches, and implementations

By
Boyan Brodaric
Boyan Brodaric
Geological Survey of Canada, 234B-615 Booth St., Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E9, Canada, and GeoVISTA Center, Department of Geography, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
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Mark Gahegan
Mark Gahegan
GeoVISTA Center, Department of Geography, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2006

Networks of databases and tools are being constructed in the geosciences to facilitate geoscientific computing and to stimulate new research. These efforts are contributing to an emerging geoscientific cyberinfrastructure that has the potential to be an important new operational paradigm for the geosciences. However, limited research has been undertaken on the adaptation of emerging cybertechnology to geoscience knowledge and practice. Consequently, we examine the nature of geoscientific knowledge and practice and identify a series of challenges related to representing and using these in emerging computational networks. The first main challenge emphasizes enhanced representation of geoscientific knowledge via ontology development, and the second calls for enhanced tools for processing the knowledge within database networks. We also briefly restate a schema that addresses several of the representation challenges and outline its implementation by different government agencies in three database networks. The identification of challenges, their treatment in the schema, and the implementations all contribute in part to the conceptualization and realization of a cyberinfrastructure for the geosciences.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

Geoinformatics: Data to Knowledge

A. Krishna Sinha
A. Krishna Sinha
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Geological Society of America
Volume
397
ISBN print:
9780813723976
Publication date:
January 01, 2006

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