Geochemical, Sr and Nd isotopic characteristics and tectonic implications for three stages of igneous rock in the Late Yanshanian (Cretaceous) orogeny, SE China
Cheng-Hong Chen, Wayne Lin, Ching-Ying Lan, Chi-Yu Lee, 2004. "Geochemical, Sr and Nd isotopic characteristics and tectonic implications for three stages of igneous rock in the Late Yanshanian (Cretaceous) orogeny, SE China", The Fifth Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks, S. Ishihara, W.E. Stephens, S.L. Harley, M. Arima, T. Nakajima
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Late Yanshanian magmatism in SE China includes three stages of thermal event induced by the interaction between the continental margin of Eurasia and the paleo-Pacific plate during the Cretaceous period. Products of syn-orogenic magmatism (130–110 Ma) include high-Al gabbros (HAG), and gneissic tonalite, trondhjemite and granodiorite (TTG), which intruded into the deep basement (18–24 km). Rocks of the post- and an-orogenic magmatism are shallow-level (6–8 km) I-type granitoids (110–99 Ma), and miarolitic A-type granites plus rhyolite-dominate bimodal volcanics (94–81 Ma), respectively. Geochemically, HAG and TTG belong to the medium-K calc-alkaline affinity with high Sr/Y, whereas other granitoids are mainly high-K calc-alkaline to shoshonitic rocks with low Sr/Y. Sr and Nd isotope compositions suggest different sources of HAG and TTG from other rocks. Progressive depletions of Ba, Sr, Eu and P from I- to A-type granites reflect partial melting of felsic granulites from hydrous to dry conditions, whereas high Sr/Y in HAG and TTG are compatible with dehydration melting of amphibolites. Tectonic models which accommodate HAG and TTG may involve thickening of the lithosphere to convert the pre-existing lower-crust basic rocks into amphibolites. It was followed by basaltic underplating which is attributed to delamination of the thickened lithosphere and led to triggering of crust melting under extension.