Yong-Joo Jwa, 2004. "Possible source rocks of Mesozoic granites in South Korea: implications for crustal evolution in NE Asia", The Fifth Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks, S. Ishihara, W.E. Stephens, S.L. Harley, M. Arima, T. Nakajima
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The exposed Precambrian cratonic crust in South Korea is divided into two massifs the Gyeonggi massif to the north and the Yeongnam massif to the south. Mesozoic granites intruded into both massifs and are mostly I-types. The Jurassic granites form extensive deep-seated batholiths, the Triassic granites are deep-seated stocks and the Cretaceous granites occur as volcanic-plutonic complexes.
The systematic variation of εNd and SrI in the Korean Mesozoic granites could result from the mixing of two components in different proportions to produce the source of the granites. Although most Mesozoic I-type granites were apparently derived from more juvenile crust, the old evolved crustal components seem to have been incorporated in the magmas in various proportions. Mantle-crust mixing can account for the generation of the source of the Triassic and Cretaceous granites in the Gyeongsang basin. On the other hand, crust-crust mixing can feasibly produce the source of the Triassic and Jurassic granites in the Yeongnam massif, the Jurassic granites in the Gyeonggi massif, and the Cretaceous granites in the Yeongdong-Gwangju basin and the Okcheon belt. However, some Jurassic granites in the Yeongnam massif and Cretaceous granites in the Yeongdong-Gwangju basin can be also explained by the mantle-crust mixing. Combined geochemical and isotopic signatures indicate that a simple binary mixing model is inadequate to explain both the geochemical and isotopic data. The chemistry of the granites is considered likely to reflect the composition of the igneous protolith that derived from depleted mantle, which explains why most Mesozoic granites in South Korea are represented by I-types, regardless of their temporal and spatial position. Nd-Sr isotopic signatures of the Mesozoic granites and basement rocks indicate that the continental crust beneath the Korean peninsular is vertically structured by the successive underplating of mantle-derived materials. It is postulated that the crust is vertically stratified from the surface to the lowermost crust with late Archean to early Proterozoic, early to middle Proterozoic (ca. 1.9 Ga), middle Proterozoic (ca. 1.5 Ga), and late Proterozioc (younger than 1.5 Ga) components.