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The U.S. Geological Survey and Iowa Department of Natural Resources Geological Survey Bureau completed, in 1992, a two-year core drilling program in the Manson Impact Structure, a 35-km-diameter, Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary-age feature located in north-central Iowa. A total of 12 cores sampled in excess of 1,200 m (4,000 ft) of crater rocks, supplementing the two previously drilled shallow cores from the structure. The cores penetrated the three major terranes in the Manson Impact Structure, the terrace terrane, crater moat, and central peak. Preliminary interpretations identified several important impact-related lithologies in these cores. The most widespread is sedimentary clast breccia, a postimpact...

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