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Accretionary terrane in the Sawyers Bar area of the Western Triassic and Paleozoic Belt, central Klamath Mountains, northern California

W. G. Ernst
W. G. Ernst
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January 01, 1990

Detailed mapping of greenschist-facies rocks in the central part of the Western Triassic and Paleozoic Belt near Sawyers Bar, California, demonstrates the stratal continuity and interlayered nature of intricately folded but unbroken, chemically distinctive mafic metavolcanic and metaturbiditic units. This section passes southward without break into the contiguous, weakly recrystallized Salmon River/North Fork amalgamated terrane, and northward, apparently along depositional contacts, into structurally lower, more intensely metamorphosed eastern(?) Hayfork metaclastic units. Although previously regarded as portions of several disparate terranes, these supracrustal rocks all belong to a single lithostratigraphic belt, technically emplaced beneath the more easterly Stuart Fork terrane. Because of the controversial nature of the correlations, this complex is referred to informally as the Sawyers Bar terrane. Contacts in the mapped area are depositional rather than faulted, except for the east-dipping thrust fault bringing the Stuart Fork over the Sawyers Bar terrane. No other terrane boundaries are recognized in the mapped area. This conclusion is supported by petrologic, structural/stratigraphic, and geochemical studies that demonstrate the local continuity of mineralogic, metamorphic, tectonic/stratigraphic, and bulk-rock compositional trends. Evidently this portion of the Western Triassic and Paleozoic Belt formed and evolved as a single, possibly parautochthonous accretionary complex, rather than as a collage of unrelated, exotic crustal entities.

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GSA Special Papers

Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic Paleogeographic Relations; Sierra Nevada, Klamath Mountains, and Related Terranes

David S. Harwood
David S. Harwood
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M. Meghan Miller
M. Meghan Miller
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Geological Society of America
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Publication date:
January 01, 1990



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