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Paleontology and biostratigraphy of Cretaceous rocks, Lampazos area, Sonora, Mexico

By
Robert W. Scott
Robert W. Scott
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Carlos Gonzalez-Leon
Carlos Gonzalez-Leon
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Published:
January 01, 1991

The Lower Cretaceous marine strata in east-central Sonora are as much as 2,500 m thick and consist of six mappable lithostratigraphic units. This sequence is important not only for delineating the paleogeography of western Mexico, but also for correlating the sections in eastern Mexico with those in western Mexico and Baja California. The Lampazos sequence is near the boundary between the North American and Yaqui blocks, and the stratigraphy is clearly similar to that of the North American block.

Calcareous algae, benthic foraminifers, corals, and rudists described here complement the molluscan assemblage previously reported. Three species of algae are widespread in Caribbean Lower Cretaceous strata. Two additional species of orbitolinids, besides O. texana, are documented in the Caribbean province for the first time. These and six other species of foraminifers enable the recognition of Barremian-lower Aptian, lower Albian, and middle-upper Albian. Three corals and two caprinids support the stadial interpretations, which are enhanced by an assemblage of late Aptian ammonites and younger bivalves and gastropods reported previously.

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