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Relation of red-bed copper-uranium occurrences to the regional sedimentology of the Catskill Formation in Pennsylvania

By
Arthur T. Smith
Arthur T. Smith
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Arthur W. Rose
Arthur W. Rose
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Published:
January 01, 1985

The Devonian Catskill Formation has been divided into four magnafacies (Mf) which have been correlated throughout Pennsylvania. Lithologies in 28 sections and wells were assigned to 10 facies on the basis of grain size, color, bed forms, fossils, and other sedimentary features. Repeating patterns of facies were used to identify magnafacies. Mf-A, the basal magnafacies, is composed dominantly of interbedded marine and non-marine shale and fine sandstone and is inferred to have been deposited mainly in a mud-rich tidal-flat environment. Mf-B is dominated by thick red shales accompanied by thin, fine-grained sandstones and is interpreted as a low-energy fluvial deposit on an inactive arid coastal plain. Mf-B is interrupted occasionally by thin, transgressive sandstones of tidal origin. Mf-C is composed of thick sandstones deposited by braided rivers and localized in three major northwest-trending zones of sediment input. Mf-D is composed of thick, fining-upward cycles with sub-equal amounts of sandstone and red shale. It is inferred to have been deposited by meandering rivers and is thickest in the same areas that Mf-C is thick. Mf-A and Mf-B are richer in sand near the sediment-input centers. In most sections, the Mf are present in the order A, B, C, and D upward, with C missing in many areas and more complex relations in extreme northeastern Pennsylvania. All Mf tend to thin northwestward. This pattern of distribution presumably results from northwestward progradation of the fluvial environment.

Numerous small non-economic Cu-U occurrences are concentrated in areas of thick, shale-rich Mf-B lying between the major sediment-input areas. Most are closely associated with marine transgressions. A few occurrences are in the upper part of Mf-A and in Mf-D, but none is in Mf-C. Most of the Cu-U occurrences are localized by small accumulations of plant trash in shallow fluvial or tidal channels. In contrast, Wyoming-type, roll-front uranium occurrences are localized near Jim Thorpe in large channel sandstones of thick Mf-D in the sediment-input areas. The Cu and U occurrences appear to have formed during diagenesis by migration of metalliferous pore fluids.

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Contents

GSA Special Papers

The Catskill Delta

Donald L. Woodrow
Donald L. Woodrow
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William D. Sevon
William D. Sevon
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Geological Society of America
Volume
201
ISBN print:
9780813722016
Publication date:
January 01, 1985

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