Conodont Biofacies and Provincialism
Conodont provinces and biofacies of the Late Ordovician
Published:January 01, 1984
R- and Q-mode cluster analysis of data on the occurrence and distribution of 43 conodont species enables delineation in North America of warm-water Red River and Ohio Valley provinces during the Late Ordovician Velicuspis Chron, and suggests recognition of six major biofacies that represent a continuum from nearshore, shallow-water biotopes with numerous endemics to offshore, deeper-water biotopes characterized by more cosmopolitan species. Approximately coeval conodonts from Great Britain, Baltoscandia, and continental Europe are assignable to at least 36 taxa, which are less well known than those of equivalent age in North America but represent cold-water faunas whose Late Ordovician distribution...