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Abstract

This study presents petrological and geochemical data on Neoarchean granitoids from the northern and central parts of the Bundelkhand Craton to discuss its crustal evolution and tectonic history. The study deals with two granitoid suites, i.e. tonalites–trondhjemites–granodiorites (TTG) and sanukitoids. TTGs are characterized by high SiO2, Na2O and mostly low to moderate Mg#. They display enrichment in light rare earth elements, low to moderately fractionated heavy rare earth elements (HREE) and low Sr/Y ratios, suggesting their high-HREE character or low-pressure origin from melting of a mafic protolith. The sanukitoid samples show relatively low SiO2, high K2O (2.1–4.6 wt%), Pb, Sr and Ba, and moderate to low Mg#, Cr, Ni. These granitoids probably generated from partial melting of hydrous mafic rocks followed by interaction with a mantle peridotite. Geochemical characteristics, tectonic discrimination using ratios like (Ce/Pb)PM, (La/Nb)PM and (Th/Nb)PM and regional rock association suggest that the Neoarchean TTGs and sanukitoids were emplaced in a subduction setting. Combining the existing knowledge base, a schematic model for generation and evolution of crust from Paleoarchean to Neoarchean has been proposed for the Bundelkhand Craton.

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