Archean granitoids of the Aravalli Craton, northwest India
Published:December 14, 2020
Iftikhar Ahmad, M. E. A. Mondal, Md Sayad Rahaman, Rajneesh Bhutani, M. Satyanarayanan, 2020. "Archean granitoids of the Aravalli Craton, northwest India", Archean Granitoids of India: Windows into Early Earth Tectonics, S. Dey, J.-F. Moyen
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The Archean granitoids of the Aravalli Craton (NW India) are represented by orthogneisses (3.3–2.6 Ga) and undeformed granitoids (c. 2.5 Ga). Here we present whole-rock geochemical (elemental and Nd-isotope) data of the granitoids from the Aravalli Craton with an aim of understanding the evolution of the continental crust during the Archean. These Archean granitoids have been classified into three compositional groups: (1) TTG – tonalite–trondhjemite–granodiorite; (2) t-TTG – transitional TTG; and (3) sanukitoids. Based on the geochemical characteristics, it is proposed that the TTGs have formed from the partial melting of subducting oceanic plateau. The t-TTG formed owing to reworking of an older continental crust (approximately heterogeneous) in response to tectonothermal events in the craton. For the formation of the sanukitoids, a two-stage petrogenetic model is invoked which involves metasomatization of the mantle wedge, followed by slab breakoff and asthenospheric upwelling, which leads to the melting of asthenosphere and the metasomatized mantle wedge. It is also proposed that subducted sediments contributed to the genesis of sanukitoid magma.
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Archean Granitoids of India: Windows into Early Earth Tectonics
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Granitoids form the bulk of the Archean continental crust and preserve key information on early Earth evolution. India hosts five main Archean cratonic blocks (Aravalli, Bundelkhand, Singhbhum, Bastar and Dharwar). This book summarizes the available information on Archean granitoids of Indian cratons. The chapters cover a broad spectrum of themes related to granitoid typology, emplacement mechanism, petrogenesis, phase-equilibria modelling, temporal distribution, tectonic setting, and their roles in fluid evolution, metal delivery and mineralizations. The book presents a broader picture incorporating regional- to cratons-scale comparisons, implications for Archean geodynamic processes, and temporal changes thereof. This synthesis work, integrating modern concepts on granite petrology and crustal evolution, offers an irreplaceable body of reference information for any geologist interested in Archean Indian granitoids.