Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Abstract

In lakes, landslides can be studied in high resolution due to their accessibility and limited size. Here, we investigate mass-transport deposits in glacigenic Wörthersee (Eastern European Alps) by integration of seismic, sediment core and multibeam bathymetric data. Two outstanding landslide events were revealed: the first occurred in the Late Glacial, leading to multiple deposits of up to 15 m thickness; they consist of sandy turbidites and mudclast conglomerates, which are overlain by a 2.5 m thick megaturbidite. The extensive, likely earthquake-triggered failure linked to this event was preconditioned by rapid sedimentation of fine-grained glaciolacustrine sediments and associated build-up of excess pore pressure. The second event was presumably triggered by a major earthquake (Mw≈7) in AD 1348 and comprises a mass-transport complex and several landslides, which led to a c. 30 cm thick turbidite. In total, 62 landslides are imaged in the multibeam map, 6 of which are most likely human-induced. Some of these show horseshoe-type compressional ridges and frontal breaching, whereas others exhibit an extensive zone of rafted blocks. We attribute these morphological differences to four main factors: (1) slope gradient and changes therein; (2) preconditioning of the impacted zone; (3) volume of remobilized sediment; and (4) type of impactor.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.

Figures & Tables

Contents

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal