Phase equilibria constraints on crystallization differentiation: insights into the petrogenesis of the normally zoned Buddusò Pluton in north-central Sardinia
Published:April 21, 2020
Federico Farina, Matthew J. Mayne, Gary Stevens, Roxanne Soorajlal, Dirk Frei, Axel Gerdes, 2020. "Phase equilibria constraints on crystallization differentiation: insights into the petrogenesis of the normally zoned Buddusò Pluton in north-central Sardinia", Post-Archean Granitic Rocks: Petrogenetic Processes and Tectonic Environments, V. Janoušek, B. Bonin, W. J. Collins, F. Farina, P. Bowden
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The Buddusò Pluton in NE Sardinia (Italy) is a normally zoned intrusion composed of three units with chemical composition ranging from hornblende-bearing tonalites (SiO2∼ 65 wt%) to leucocratic monzogranites (SiO2∼ 76 wt%). Zircon crystals in the pluton are dated at 292.2 ± 0.7 Ma and have εHf values ranging from −4 to −8, with no systematic differences observed between the units. The pluton, which is isotopically homogeneous at the whole-rock scale in terms of Sr and Nd isotopes, shows textural evidence indicating local crystal–melt segregation. In this paper, we have implemented a novel approach based on path-dependent phase-equilibria modelling to test the hypothesis that the internal chemical variability of the pluton was generated by crystallization differentiation of a homogeneous parental magma. Our modelling indicates that this hypothesis is valid if the mechanism by which this occurs is compaction in a rheologically locked crystal-rich magma and if the separation occurs at 0.3 GPa from a tonalitic magma with water content >2 wt%. Finally, a subset of the magmatic enclaves in the pluton are considered to be autoliths, formed by the disruption of the compacted crystal mush and interaction between these cumulates and the felsic melt.
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Post-Archean Granitic Rocks: Petrogenetic Processes and Tectonic Environments
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
Granites (sensu lato) represent the dominant rock-type forming the upper–middle continental crust but their origin remains a matter of long-standing controversy. The granites may result from fractionation of mantle-derived basaltic magmas, or partial melting of different crustal protoliths at contrasting P–T conditions, either water-fluxed or fluid-absent. Consequently, many different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the compositional variability of granites ranging from whole igneous suites down to mineral scale. This book presents an overview of the state of the art, and envisages future avenues towards a better understanding of granite petrogenesis. The volume focuses on the following topics:
compositional variability of granitic rocks generated in contrasting geodynamic settings during the Proterozoic to Phanerozoic Periods;
main permissible mechanisms producing subduction-related granites;
crustal anatexis of different protoliths and the role of water in granite petrogenesis; and
new theoretical and analytical tools available for modelling whole-rock geochemistry in order to decipher the sources and evolution of granitic suites.