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Abstract

The ability of Rcrust software to conduct path-dependent phase equilibrium modelling with automated changing bulk compositions allows for a phase equilibrium approach to investigate an array of source controls for their effect on the bulk compositions of melts produced by sequential melting events. The following source controls of the rock system are considered: (1) initial magnesium and iron content; (2) initial sodium and calcium content; (3) pressure–temperature path followed by the system; and (4) threshold by which melt extractions in the system are triggered. These source controls are investigated in a water-restricted system and a water-in-excess system. The permutation of these cases resulted in 128 different modelled pressure–temperature bulk composition paths investigating the melting of an average pelite composition. The resultant melt compositions are compared to that of a natural granite dataset and provide a good fit for the incompatible elements Na2O and K2O with the allowance that granites most likely form as magmas consisting of melt and ferromagnesian-rich crystals. The fluid state of the system is shown to have the strongest control on melt compositions, with the pressure–temperature path having subordinate control on the volume and composition of melts produced.

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