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Peraluminous granites and trondhjemites make up small plutonic bodies intruded into high-grade paragneisses in the Peloritani Mountains, marking the beginning of late Variscan granitoid magmatism in southernmost Italy. The granites range from low-Ca monzogranites to alkali feldspar granites, while the trondhjemites vary from trondhjemites s.s. to low-Ca trondhjemites. Relatively high radiogenic (87Sr/86Sr)i ratios (mostly from 0.7073 to 0.7125) and negative εNd values (mostly from −5.66 to −8.73) point to crustal sources for all the granitoids. Major and trace element compositions indicate an absence of genetic relationships between the trondhjemites s.s. and the low-Ca granitoids, but possible relationships between the low-Ca trondhjemites and the granites. All of the studied granitoids have near-pure melts compositions, consistent with H2O-fluxed and dehydration melting of metasediments for the trondhjemites and the granites, respectively. However, the unusual compositions of the low-Ca trondhjemites and microstructural evidence in these rocks for pervasive subsolidus replacement of magmatic feldspars by secondary sodic plagioclase indicate that they were derived instead from metasomatic alteration of the granites. Thus, water may be involved in the production of trondhjemites in two different ways, driving water-fluxed melting in the magma source and driving alkali metasomatism at the sites of granite emplacement in the upper crust.

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