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New laboratory experiments using granulite xenoliths support a dual origin for I-type granites as primary and secondary. Primary I-type granites represent fractionated liquids from intermediate magma systems of broadly andesitic composition. Fluid-fluxed melting of igneous rocks that resided in the continental crust generates secondary I-type granites. The former are directly related to subduction, with Cordilleran batholiths as the most characteristic examples. Experiments with lower crust granulite sources, in the presence of water, show that amphibole is formed by a water-fluxed peritectic rehydration melting reaction. Entrainment of only 10% of restites composed of amphibole, pyroxene, plagioclase and magnetite, is...

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