Cenomanian–Turonian drowning of the Arabian Carbonate Platform, the İnişdere section, Adıyaman, SE Turkey
Published:April 14, 2020
O. Mulayim, O. I. Yilmaz, B. Sarı, K. Tasli, M. Wagreich, 2020. "Cenomanian–Turonian drowning of the Arabian Carbonate Platform, the İnişdere section, Adıyaman, SE Turkey", Cretaceous Climate Events and Short-Term Sea-Level Changes, M. Wagreich, M. Hart, B. Sames, I. O. Yilmaz
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The Cenomanian–Turonian carbonate ramp in the Adıyaman Region of SE Turkey (Northern Arabian Platform) records an abrupt shift from benthic carbonate deposits to pelagic deposits near the Cenomanian–Turonian boundary event (CTBE) in the İnişdere stratigraphic section and surrounding borehole sections. A positive δ13C excursion of up to 2.15% is recorded in carbonate and organic carbon deposited around the CTBE and provides evidence of a direct link between the CTBE and oceanic anoxic events and the demise of the shallow carbonate production in the Derdere Formation. The microfacies analyses, biostratigraphic dating and palaeoenvironmental interpretations suggest that the platform was drowned near the CTBE as a result of changing environmental conditions. The microfacies indicating significant deepening show a contemporaneity to equivalent surfaces globally and thus strongly support an isochronous formation of Cenomanian–Turonian facies by eustatic sea-level changes. Anoxia spreading over the platform drastically reduced the carbonate production as observed in the studied sections and, therefore, resulted in a reduction in carbonate accumulation rates. Regional/local subsidence and a coeval sea-level rise during the late Cenomanian to early Turonian interval were the cause of the drowning of the platform, including regional anoxia at the northern Arabian platform linked to the Cenomanian–Turonian oceanic anoxic event (OAE2).
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Cretaceous Climate Events and Short-Term Sea-Level Changes
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Sea-level constitutes a critical planetary boundary for both geological processes and human life. Sea-level fluctuations during major greenhouse phases are still enigmatic and widely discussed in terms of changing climate systems. The geological record of the Cretaceous greenhouse period provides a deep-time view on greenhouse-phase Earth system processes that facilitates a much better understanding of the causes and consequences of global, geologically short-term, sea-level changes. In particular, Cretaceous hothouse periods can serve as a laboratory to better understand a near-future greenhouse Earth. This volume presents high-resolution sea-level records from globally distributed sedimentary archives of the Cretaceous involving a large group of scientists from the International Geoscience Programme IGCP 609. Marine to non-marine sedimentary successions were analysed for revised age constraints, the correlation of global palaeoclimate shifts and sea-level changes, tested for climate-driven cyclicities, and correlated within a high-resolution stratigraphic framework of the Geological Timescale. For hothouse periods, the hypothesis of significant global groundwater-related sea-level change, i.e. aquifer-eustasy as a major process, is reviewed and substantiated.