Oxygen–carbon isotope composition of Middle Jurassic–Cretaceous molluscs from the Saratov–Samara Volga region and main climate trends in the Russian Platform–Caucasus
Published:April 14, 2020
Yuri D. Zakharov, Vladimir B. Seltser, Mikheil V. Kakabadze, Olga P. Smyshlyaeva, Peter P. Safronov, 2020. "Oxygen–carbon isotope composition of Middle Jurassic–Cretaceous molluscs from the Saratov–Samara Volga region and main climate trends in the Russian Platform–Caucasus", Cretaceous Climate Events and Short-Term Sea-Level Changes, M. Wagreich, M. Hart, B. Sames, I. O. Yilmaz
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Oxygen and carbon isotope data from well-preserved mollusc shells and belemnite rostra are presented from the Jurassic (Bathonian, Callovian and Tithonian) and Cretaceous (Aptian, Turonian, Campanian and Maastrichtian) of the Saratov–Samara Volga region, Russia. New data provide information on the resulting trends in palaeoclimate and in palaeoceanography and palaeoecology in the late Mesozoic. Palaeotemperatures calculated from Jurassic–Cretaceous benthic (bivalves and gastropods) and semi-pelagic (ammonites) molluscs are markedly higher than those calculated from pelagic belemnites using oxygen isotopes. This is probably due to various mollusc groups of the Saratov–Samara area inhabiting different depths in the marine basins (e.g. epipelagic v. mesopelagic). Our isotope records, combined with a review of previously published data from shallow-water fossils from the Saratov–Samara area and adjacent regions permits us to infer temperature trends for the epipelagic zone from the Middle Jurassic to Cretaceous in the Russian Platform–Caucasus area. The Jurassic–Cretaceous belemnites from the Russian Platform and the Caucasus have a lower δ13C signature than the contemporaneous brachiopods, bivalves and ammonites.
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Cretaceous Climate Events and Short-Term Sea-Level Changes
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
Sea-level constitutes a critical planetary boundary for both geological processes and human life. Sea-level fluctuations during major greenhouse phases are still enigmatic and widely discussed in terms of changing climate systems. The geological record of the Cretaceous greenhouse period provides a deep-time view on greenhouse-phase Earth system processes that facilitates a much better understanding of the causes and consequences of global, geologically short-term, sea-level changes. In particular, Cretaceous hothouse periods can serve as a laboratory to better understand a near-future greenhouse Earth. This volume presents high-resolution sea-level records from globally distributed sedimentary archives of the Cretaceous involving a large group of scientists from the International Geoscience Programme IGCP 609. Marine to non-marine sedimentary successions were analysed for revised age constraints, the correlation of global palaeoclimate shifts and sea-level changes, tested for climate-driven cyclicities, and correlated within a high-resolution stratigraphic framework of the Geological Timescale. For hothouse periods, the hypothesis of significant global groundwater-related sea-level change, i.e. aquifer-eustasy as a major process, is reviewed and substantiated.