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Abstract

Oxygen and carbon isotope data from well-preserved mollusc shells and belemnite rostra are presented from the Jurassic (Bathonian, Callovian and Tithonian) and Cretaceous (Aptian, Turonian, Campanian and Maastrichtian) of the Saratov–Samara Volga region, Russia. New data provide information on the resulting trends in palaeoclimate and in palaeoceanography and palaeoecology in the late Mesozoic. Palaeotemperatures calculated from Jurassic–Cretaceous benthic (bivalves and gastropods) and semi-pelagic (ammonites) molluscs are markedly higher than those calculated from pelagic belemnites using oxygen isotopes. This is probably due to various mollusc groups of the Saratov–Samara area inhabiting different depths in the marine basins (e.g. epipelagic v. mesopelagic). Our isotope records, combined with a review of previously published data from shallow-water fossils from the Saratov–Samara area and adjacent regions permits us to infer temperature trends for the epipelagic zone from the Middle Jurassic to Cretaceous in the Russian Platform–Caucasus area. The Jurassic–Cretaceous belemnites from the Russian Platform and the Caucasus have a lower δ13C signature than the contemporaneous brachiopods, bivalves and ammonites.

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