Chapter 11: TAXONOMY, BIOSTRATIGRAPHY, AND PHYLOGENY OF OLIGOCENE AND LOWER MIOCENE DENTOGLOBIGERINA AND GLOBOQUADRINA
Published:January 31, 2018
Bridget S. Wade, Paul N. Pearson, Richard K. Olsson, Andrew J. Fraass, R. Mark Leckie, Christoph Hemleben, 2018. "TAXONOMY, BIOSTRATIGRAPHY, AND PHYLOGENY OF OLIGOCENE AND LOWER MIOCENE DENTOGLOBIGERINA AND GLOBOQUADRINA", Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Bridget S. Wade, Richard K. Olsson, Paul N. Pearson, Brian T. Huber, William A. Berggren
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The taxonomy, phylogeny, and biostratigraphy of Oligocene and lower Miocene Dentoglobigerina and Globoquadrina are reviewed. Because of the discovery of spine holes in various species assigned to these genera, the entire group is now considered to have been fully or sparsely spinose in life and hence part of Family Globigerinidae. One new species, Dentoglobigerina eotripartita Pearson, Wade, and Olsson n. sp., is named. Dentoglobigerina includes forms with and without umbilical teeth and species for which the presence or absence of a tooth is a variable feature. A significant finding has been the triple synonymy of Globigerina tripartita Koch, Globigerina rohri Bolli, and Globoquadrina dehiscens praedehiscens Blow, which greatly simplifies part of the taxonomy. The genus Globoquadrina is restricted to its type species, Globigerina dehiscens Chapman and others. The following species from the time interval of interest are regarded as valid: Dentoglobigerina altispira (Cushman and Jarvis), Dentoglobigerina haroemoenensis (LeRoy), Dentoglobigerina binaiensis (Koch), Dentoglobigerina eotripartita Pearson, Wade, and Olsson n. sp., Dentoglobigerina galavisi (Bermúdez), Dentoglobigerina globosa (Bolli), Dentoglobigerina globularis (Bermúdez), Dentoglobigerina juxtabinaiensis Fox and Wade, Dentoglobigerina larmeui (Akers), Dentoglobigerina prasaepis (Blow), Dentoglobigerina pseudovenezuelana (Blow and Banner), Dentoglobigerina sellii (Borsetti), Dentoglobigerina taci Pearson and Wade, Dentoglobigerina tapuriensis (Blow and Banner), Dentoglobigerina tripartita (Koch), Dentoglobigerina venezuelana (Hedberg), and Globoquadrina dehiscens (Chapman, Parr, and Collins). The genus Dentoglobigerina also comprises other Neogene/Quaternary species not listed, including the living species Dentoglobigerina cf. conglomerata (Schwager).
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Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera
The taxonomy, biostratigraphy, distribution, paleoecology and phylogenetic systematics of Oligocene planktonic foraminifera are treated in an illustrated atlas format. One hundred and twenty-eight species are recognized, including three species of Catapsydrax, eight species of Globorotaloides, two species of Protentelloides, twelve species of Paragloborotalia, two species of Parasubbotina, three species of Globigerina, eight species of Globigerinella, two species of Quiltyella Coxall and Spezzaferri n. gen., four species of Ciperoella Olsson and Hemleben n. gen., fifteen species of Globoturborotalita, seven species of Globigerinoides, seven species of Trilobatus, nine species of Subbotina, sixteen species of Dentoglobigerina, one species of Globoquadrina, two species of Turborotalita, three species of Acarinina, two species of Pseudohastigerina, two species of Turborotalia, two species of Dipsidripella, two species of Globigerinita, four species of Tenuitella, four species of Chiloguembelina, two species of Jenkinsina, two species of Cassigerinella, and four species of Streptochilus.
We name fourteen new species: Chiloguembelina adriatica Premec Fucek, Hernitz Kucenjak and Huber n. sp., Chiloguembelina andreae Premec Fucek, Hernitz Kucenjak and Huber n. sp., Dentoglobigerina eotripartita Pearson, Wade and Olsson n. sp., Globigerina archaeobulloides Hemleben and Olsson n. sp., Globigerinella roeglina Spezzaferri and Coxall n. sp., Globigerinoides neoparawoodi Spezzaferri n. sp., Globigerinoides joli Spezzaferri n. sp., Globoturborotalita eolabiacrassata Spezzaferri and Coxall n. sp., Globoturborotalita paracancellata Olsson and Hemleben n. sp., Globoturborotalita pseudopraebulloides Olsson and Hemleben n. sp., Globorotaloides atlanticus Spezzaferri and Coxall n. sp., Subbotina projecta Olsson, Pearson, and Wade n. sp., Streptochilus tasmanensis Smart and Thomas n. sp. and Trilobatus altospiralis Spezzaferri n. sp. The following new genera are named: Ciperoella Olsson and Hemleben n. gen. and Quiltyella Coxall and Spezzaferri, n. gen.
Over 2000 scanning electron micrographs images, including the type specimens of more than 60 species are illustrated for the first time, providing fresh comprehension of the shell architecture and wall texture, particularly for species that were poorly illustrated when first described. The biostratigraphic occurrences and phylogenetic relationships of all species of Oligocene planktonic foraminifera are reviewed. Analysis of wall textures, based on well-preserved material (much of which is illustrated for the first time) provides the basis for the higher taxonomy. Accordingly, Oligocene normal perforate planktonic foraminifera are divided into the Families Globigerinidae, Truncorotaloididae, and Globanomalinidae. Oligocene microperforate species, are placed in the Families Globigerinitidae, Chiloguembelinidae, Guembelitriidae, and Cassigerinellidae.