Chapter 9: TAXONOMY, BIOSTRATIGRAPHY, AND PHYLOGENY OF EOCENE ACARININA
Published:August 31, 2006
William A. Berggren, Paul N. Pearson, Brian T. Huber, Bridget S. Wade, 2006. "TAXONOMY, BIOSTRATIGRAPHY, AND PHYLOGENY OF EOCENE ACARININA", Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Paul N. Pearson, Richard K. Olsson, Brian T. Huber, Christoph Hemleben, William A. Berggren
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The taxonomy, phylogeny and biostratigraphic ranges of 28 Eocene species of Acarinina are discussed together with detailed synonymies. The early Eocene is characterized by the radiation of two different groups - one characterized by rounded/inflated chambers and the other by anguloconical chambers - which are derived, in turn, from two late Paleocene lineages: the soldadoensis lineage (itself derived from Acarinina mckannai) and the esnaensis-wilcoxensis lineage (itself derived from Acarinina nitida). We interpret the genus Truncorotaloides as a synonym of Acarinina. Acarinina is regarded as paraphyletic, in that it gave rise to Morozovelloides Pearson and Berggren n. gen. in the upper part of the lower Eocene (see Pearson and Berggren Chapter 10, this volume).
The following species are recognized in this chapter: Acarinina africana (El Naggar), Acarinina alticonica Fleisher, Acarinina angulosa (Bolli), Acarinina aspensis (Colom), Acarinina boudreauxi Fleisher, Acarinina bullbrooki (Bolli), Acarinina coalingensis (Cushman and Hanna), Acarinina collactea (Finlay), Acarinina cuneicamerata (Blow), Acarinina echinata (Bolli), Acarinina esnaensis (LeRoy), Acarinina esnehensis (Nakkady), Acarinina interposita Subbotina, Acarinina mcgowrani Wade and Pearson n. sp., Acarinina medizzai (Toumarkine and Bolli), Acarinina pentacamerata (Subbotina), Acarinina praetopilensis (Blow), Acarinina primitiva (Finlay), Acarinina pseudosubsphaerica Pearson and Berggren n. sp., Acarinina pseudotopilensis Subbotina, Acarinina punctocarinata Fleisher, Acarinina quetra (Bolli), Acarinina rohri (Brönnimann and Bermúdez), Acarinina sibaiyaensis (El Naggar), Acarinina soldadoensis (Brönnimann), Acarinina subsphaerica (Subbotina), Acarinina topilensis (Cushman), and Acarinina wilcoxensis (Cushman and Ponton).
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Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera
The biostratigraphy, taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of Eocene planktonic foraminifera are treated in an illustrated atlas format. Scanning electron micrographs of the type specimens of 114 species are illustrated for the first time, providing new insight to the shell architecture and wall texture, particularly for species that were poorly illustrated when first described. The phylogenetic relationships of all species of Eocene planktonic foraminifera are reviewed. Analysis of wall textures, based on well-preserved material (much of which is illustrated for the first time) provides the basis for the higher taxonomy. Accordingly, Eocene normal perforate planktonic foraminifera are divided into the Families Globigerinidae, Hantkeninidae, Truncorotaloididae, Globoquadrinidae and Hedbergellidae. Eocene microperforate species, which are less well known, are placed in the Families Guembelitriidae, Chiloguembelinidae, Hetero-helicidae, and Cassigerinellidae.
The biostratigraphic occurrences of all species of Eocene planktonic foraminifera are reviewed. Recently proposed modifications to the standard (sub)tropical and Antarctic zonations (the so-called “E-zones” of Berggren and Pearson, 2005 and “AP-zones” of Huber and Quillévéré, 2005) are followed in this atlas.
One hundred and sixty-eight species of Eocene planktonic foraminifera are recognized, including 5 species of Catapsydrax, 2 species of Globorotaloides, 1 species of Guembelitrioides, 2 species of Paragloborotalia, 6 species of Parasubbotina, 1 species of Pseudoglobigerinella Olsson and Pearson n. gen., 1 species of Globigerina, 5 species of Globoturborotalita, 15 species of Subbotina, 2 species of Turborotalita, 11 species of Globigerinatheka, 1 species of Orbulinoides, 5 species of Clavigerinella, 1 species of Cribrohantkenina, 10 species of Hantkenina, 28 species of Acarinina, 4 species of Morozovelloides Pearson and Berggren n. gen., 16 species of Morozovella, 1 species of Astrorotalia, 4 species of Igorina, 2 species of Planorotalites, 1 species questionably assigned to Praemurica, 3 species of Dentoglobigerina, 5 species of Globanomalina, 1 species of Planoglobanomalina Olsson and Hemleben n. gen., 4 species of Pseudohastigerina, 9 species of Turborotalia, 6 species of Chiloguembelina, 1 species of Streptochilus, 4 species of Tenuitella, 2 species of Cassigerinella, 1 species of Cassigerinelloita, 2 species of Jenkinsina, 4 species of Zeauvigerina, and 2 species of Dipsidripella.
The following taxa are named for the first time; the genera Pseudoglobigerinella (Olsson and Pearson n. gen.; type species Globigerina wilsoni bolivariana Petters), Morozovelloides (Pearson and Berggren n. gen.; type species Globorotalia lehneri Cushman and Jarvis), Planoglobanomalina (Olsson and Hemleben n. gen.; type species Planoglobanomalina pseudoalgeriana Olsson and Hemleben n. sp.); and the species Parasubbotina pseudowilsoni Olsson and Pearson n. sp., Paragloborotalia griffinoides Olsson and Pearson n. sp., Globorotaloides eovariablis Huber and Pearson n. sp., Globorotaloides quadrocameratus Olsson, Pearson and Huber n. sp., Globoturborotalita bassriverensis Olsson and Hemleben n. sp., Turborotalita praequinqueloba Olsson and Hemleben n. sp., Hantkenina singanoae Pearson and Coxall n. sp., Acarinina mcgowrani Wade and Pearson n. sp., Acarinina pseudosubsphaerica Berggren and Pearson n. sp., and Planoglobanomalina pseudoalgeriana Olsson and Hemleben n. sp.