PSEUDOPODIAL VARIABILITY AND BEHAVIOR OF GLOBIGERINIDS (FORAMINIFERIDA) AND OTHER PLANKTONIC SARCODINA DEVELOPING IN CULTURES
Published:August 01, 1980
Patricia C. Adshead, 1980. "PSEUDOPODIAL VARIABILITY AND BEHAVIOR OF GLOBIGERINIDS (FORAMINIFERIDA) AND OTHER PLANKTONIC SARCODINA DEVELOPING IN CULTURES", Studies in Marine Micropaleontology and Paleoecology: A Memorial Volume to Orville L. Bandy, William V. Sliter
Download citation file:
Globigerinids display a wide variety of pseudopodial types during their existence in cultures. Development of many long, flexible axopodia from reticulopodia extended into the water above the test allows newly collected specimens recovering on a substrate to float free. With time, the numerous axopodia present in young globigerinids are replaced by fewer brittle, calcifying spines, each coated with a motile cytoplasmic film which extends beyond the spine tip as a sticky, retractable “probe.” Resorption of spines enables mature globigerinids to assume a benthic existence in cultures, moving and feeding with filopodia, reticulopodia, and pharopodia. Globigerinids are rivaled only by acantharians in the diversity of motile appendages which appear in cultured specimens. Radiolarians and heliozoans have much simpler pseudopodial arrays. Globigerinid axopodia are superficially similar to those of heliozoans, but apparently lack the ability to contract rapidly which is essential to food capture in some heliozoans. The greater firmness and length of globigerinid axopodia and young spines allows continuous utilization of detrital food while helping to support flotation of the relatively heavy test.