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Abstract

The Eastern Segment in the Sveconorwegian orogen, southwestern Sweden, is dominated by 2.0–1.8, 1.7 and 1.5–1.4 Ga crust; and the overlying Idefjorden terrane by 1.6–1.5 Ga crust. Assuming reorganization of a subduction system prior to 1.5–1.4 Ga and applying a sinistral transpressive component of disruption during the subsequent Sveconorwegian orogeny (1.1–0.9 Ga), the Idefjorden terrane is inferred to be indigenous outboard rather than exotic with respect to the continental plate Fennoscandia (Baltica). The geological record then records successive westwards shift of accretionary orogens along a convergent plate boundary for at least 500 million years. Sveconorwegian foreland-younging tectonic cycles at c. 1.05 (or older)–1.02 Ga (Idefjorden terrane) and at c. 0.99–0.95 Ga (Eastern Segment) prevailed. Crustal thickening and exhumation during oblique convergence preceded migmatization, magmatic activity and a changeover to an extensional regime, possibly triggered by delamination of continental lithosphere, in each cycle. Convergence after 0.95 Ga involved antiformal doming with extensional deformation at higher crustal levels (Eastern Segment) and continued magmatic activity (Idefjorden terrane). An overriding plate setting is inferred during either accretionary orogeny or, more probably, protracted continent–continent collision. Continuity of the erosional fronts in the Grenville and Sveconorwegian orogens is questioned.

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