Carbon-isotope stratigraphy, biostratigraphy and organic matter distribution in the Aptian – Lower Albian successions of southwest Iran (Dariyan and Kazhdumi formations)
Published:January 01, 2010
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Benoit Vincent, Frans S.P. van Buchem, Luc G. Bulot, Adrian Immenhauser, Michèle Caron, Darioush Baghbani, Alain Y. Huc, 2010. "Carbon-isotope stratigraphy, biostratigraphy and organic matter distribution in the Aptian – Lower Albian successions of southwest Iran (Dariyan and Kazhdumi formations)", Barremian – Aptian Stratigraphy and Hydrocarbon Habitat of the Eastern Arabian Plate (vol. 1), Frans S.P. van Buchem, Moujahed I. Al-Husseini, Florian Maurer, Henk J. Droste
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The lateral transition from carbonate platforms to intra-shelf basin in Aptian – Early Albian times is documented along a regional transect in the excellent exposures of the Zagros Mountains. An integrated dataset, including carbonate carbon-isotope curves, and ammonite and planktonic foraminifera biostratigraphy constrains the regional correlations, and forms the basis for an age revision of the Kazhdumi and Dariyan formations. Of particular importance in this study is the Kuh-e-Bangestan section, wherein a continuous succession of Aptian – Albian intra-shelf basinal deposits was used to erect a detailed ammonite and planktonic foraminifera biostratigraphic zonation scheme, in combination with a carbon-isotope curve and organic-matter measurements. Key observations are: (1) the oldest Kazhdumi intra-shelf deposits are of Early Aptian age (D. deshayesi Zone), indicating a time-equivalent initiation of the Kazhdumi and neighbouring intra-shelf Bab Basin. (2) The presence of well-developed organic matter-rich sediments in the N. nolani and H. jacobi zones is interpreted as equivalent to part of the OAE1b set. (3) The presence of an exceptionally well-developed Upper Aptian – Lower Albian succession (80 m thick) shows a clear positive carbon-isotope excursion and a faunal crisis, with the turn-over of the planktonic foraminifera assemblage (only small and low diversity Globigerinelloides and Hedbergellids) and the total absence of ammonites. A composite carbon-isotope curve is proposed based on sections measured in both the platform and basin settings. This curve deserves attention because it has an expanded Upper Aptian - Lower Albian section, which is well dated (ammonites, planktonic foraminifera and orbitolinids).