Modelling oblique inversion of pre-existing grabens
Published:January 02, 2020
Hongling Deng, Hemin A. Koyi, Jinjiang Zhang, 2020. "Modelling oblique inversion of pre-existing grabens", Folding and Fracturing of Rocks: 50 Years of Research since the Seminal Text Book of J. G. Ramsay, C. E. Bond, H. D. Lebit
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A series of analogue models were run to investigate oblique inversion of pre-existing grabens when overprinted by later shortening and the effect of these grabens on development of contractional structures. Obliquity angle (α) defining the initial trend of pre-existing grabens relative to the shortening direction, was systematically changed from 0°, 10°, 20°, 30°, 40°, 50°, 65° and 90°. Different structural styles are shown in different models and also in sections cutting across different parts of the models. Model results show that existence of multi-grabens enhances lateral discontinuity of overprinted thrusts in map view. With increasing the obliquity angle, more and longer lateral ramps developed sub-parallel to the graben trends. The pre-existing grabens were apparently rotated from their initial trends during shortening. Some of the normal faults bounding the grabens were partially inverted and resulted in bulging of the syn- and post-rift graben fill sediments. Most normal faults were displaced and rotated by thrusting, and provided relatively weak zones for propagation of thrusts. By comparing with observations from Qingxi graben in western China and from the SW Taiwan fold-and-thrust belt, where oblique inversion occurred, model results can be used to interpret unclear relationships between thrusts and pre-existing extensional structures during superimposed deformation.
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Folding and Fracturing of Rocks: 50 Years of Research since the Seminal Text Book of J. G. Ramsay
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This Special Publication is a celebration of research into the Folding and Fracturing of Rocks to mark the 50th anniversary of the publication of the seminal textbook by J. G. Ramsay. Folding and Fracturing of Rocks summarised the key structural geology concepts of the time. Through his numerical and geometric focus John pioneered and provided solutions to understanding the processes leading to the folding and fracturing of rocks. His strong belief that numerical and geometric solutions, to understanding crustal processes, should be tested against field examples added weight and clarity to his work. The basic ideas and solutions presented in the text are as relevant now as they were 50 years ago, and this collection of papers celebrates John's contribution to structural geology. The papers explore the lasting impact of John and his work, they present case studies and a modern understanding of the process documented in the Folding and Fracturing of Rocks.