Natural and anthropogenic influences on the Nhecolândia wetlands, SE Pantanal, Brazil
Published:December 02, 2019
Emiliano Castro de Oliveira, Sila Pla-Pueyo, Christopher R. Hackney, 2019. "Natural and anthropogenic influences on the Nhecolândia wetlands, SE Pantanal, Brazil", River to Reservoir: Geoscience to Engineering, P. W. M. Corbett, A. Owen, A. J. Hartley, S. Pla-Pueyo, D. Barreto, C. Hackney, S. J. Kape
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The Nhecolândia region covers the southern wetlands of the Pantanal basin in Brazil. Characterized by myriad shallow freshwater and alkaline–saline lakes, the distinct natural features of the Nhecolândia wetland make it highly sensitive to climate change and the effects of human activities. This paper summarizes the natural and social aspects that have affected this delicate wetland and potential future impacts. We analysed the response of the wetland to historical changes in climate and human activity and used this understanding to forecast the response of the wetland to future changes. The data presented here show that this region is particularly sensitive to alterations in the flood regime, droughts and deforestation, which are intrinsically related to both global and local changes in climate and the intensification of cattle-ranching activities, which include deforestation and the introduction of cultivated pastures.
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River to Reservoir: Geoscience to Engineering
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
This volume brings together a number of papers from two workshops with the theme, ‘Rain, Rivers, Reservoirs’, which considered the dynamic changes to river systems as part of natural processes, particularly changing climatic conditions. Bringing researchers from two different locations to Brazil and the UK allowed scientists to contribute to and promote, ‘debate on current research…on how the planet works and how we can live sustainably on it’. This volume features a series of papers on the geoscience of modern and ancient rivers from across the world (Brazil, United States, Spain, Argentina, Canada, India and the UK), their evolution through time, their management, their deposits and their engineering, with both subsurface aquifers/hydrocarbon reservoirs (of Carboniferous, Triassic and Cretaceous age) and surface reservoirs considered.