Origin of the Ordovician Mansehra granite in the NW Himalaya, Pakistan: constraints from Sr–Nd isotopic data, zircon U–Pb age and Hf isotopes
Published:September 25, 2019
Masatsugu Ogasawara, Mayuko Fukuyama, Rehanul Haq Siddiqui, Ye Zhao, 2019. "Origin of the Ordovician Mansehra granite in the NW Himalaya, Pakistan: constraints from Sr–Nd isotopic data, zircon U–Pb age and Hf isotopes", Crustal Architecture and Evolution of the Himalaya–Karakoram–Tibet Orogen, Rajesh Sharma, Igor M. Villa, Santosh Kumar
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The Mansehra granite in the NW Himalaya is a typical Lesser Himalayan granite. We present here new whole-rock geochemistry, Rb–Sr and Sm–Nd isotope data, together with zircon U–Pb ages and Hf isotope data, for the Mansehra granite. Geochemical data for the granite show typical S-type characteristics. Zircon U–Pb dating yields 206Pb/238U crystallization ages of 483–476 Ma. The zircon grains contain abundant inherited cores and some of these show a clear detrital origin. The 206Pb/238U ages of the inherited cores in the granite cluster in the ranges 889–664, 1862–1595 and 2029 Ma. An age of 664 Ma is considered to be the maximum age of the sedimentary protoliths. Thus the Late Neoproterozoic to Cambrian sedimentary rocks must be the protolith of the Mansehra granitic magma. The initial Sr isotope ratios are high, ranging from 0.7324 to 0.7444, whereas the εNd(t) values range from −9.2 to −8.6, which strongly suggests a large contribution of old crustal material to the protoliths. The two-stage Nd model ages and zircon Hf model ages are Paleoproterozoic, indicating that the protolith sediments were derived from Paleoproterozoic crustal components.
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Crustal Architecture and Evolution of the Himalaya–Karakoram–Tibet Orogen
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
This volume comprises 17 contributions that address the architecture and geodynamic evolution of the Himalaya–Karakoram–Tibet (HKT) system, covering wide aspects, from the active seismicity of the present day to the remnants of the Proterozoic orogen. The articles investigate the HKT system at different scales, blending field research with laboratory studies. The role of various lithospheric components and their inheritance in the geodynamic and magmatic evolution of the HKT system through time, and their links to global geological events, are studied in the field. The laboratory research focuses on the (sub-)micrometre scale, detailing micro-structural geology, crystal chemistry, geochronology, and the study of circulating fluids, their preservation (trapped in fluid inclusions) and their evolution, distribution, migration and interaction with the solid host. An orogen over 2000 km long can be understood only if the processes at the nanometre and micrometre scales are taken into account. The contributions in this volume successfully combine these scales to enhance our understanding of the HKT system.